The Arboretum Ellerhoop - Thiensen is an arboretum of the circle Pinneberg; it lies between Pinneberg and Barmstedt belongs to the municipality Ellerhoop, district Thiensen. The landscaped park located on the edge of Bilsbek Lowland. It is embedded in the typical Holstein hedgerow.
The Arboretum Ellerhoop - Thiensen includes an approximately 17 -acre total investment of which are approximately 7.5 acres of the public as a recreational facility and for purposes of school and public education.
1943 bought the nursery Timm & Co. at the historic Muensterhof. The last owner of the nursery Timm & Co., Erich Frahm, taught in 1956 in collaboration with the dendrologists Dr. hc Gerd Krüssmann a 3.5 hectare arboretum one.
1980 acquired the then District W. Hebisch the Arboretum, including a 10 -acre expansion area. Subsequently, a working group was established under the auspices of the district of Pinneberg, the Confederation German nurseries, the Botanical Garden of the University of Hamburg and the Institute for Theory and practice in the schools ( IPTS) belonged. The first plans were by Dipl. -Ing. H. Box performed. Development of the overall theme and space - planning and planting design concepts for the now had grown to 17 hectares Arboretum was made by Prof. Hans -Dieter Warda.
1989 saw the establishment of the Sponsorship Arboretum Baumbark Ellerhoop - Thiensen eV to support the various activities of the arboretum. A contract for the acquisition of operating ownership between the conveyance and the Pinneberg district was closed in 1996 to avert the impending reasons of cost savings closure of the arboretum.
Since 1985 Professor Warda passes the arboretum volunteer on both scientific and artistic level. For his services to the Arboretum in 2001 he was awarded the Horst- Koehler Memorial Award and in 2003 with the Federal Cross of Merit.
Tasks of the Arboretum
While still under the management of the company Timm & Co. alone dendrologic aspects, ie the collection and increasing the wood assortments, was the main focus should be the Arboretum after the purchase by the district of Pinneberg also serve still further tasks. As for acquisition and Entertainment public funds were used, and the use was intended for a wide public and not for professionals, decided to political committees, in addition to the pure wood presentation, the focus lay on the areas school, adult education, recreation and ecology.
Financing of the Arboretum
Since the conclusion of product use and user contract on 1 January 1996 the support group receives from the district of Pinneberg a fixed annual subsidy, which covers about a third of the total cost. Since neither permanent professional associations or other institutions pay more grants, the vast costs must therefore be generated by the Sponsors. In essence, to membership fees, entry fees and individual donations contribute. The pure wood presentation that species and varieties compared plants are didactically and aesthetically so processed and combined with other tasks that not only professionals, but all visitors groups benefit from it. Otherwise, even the all-important profit of the Sponsorship would be endangered. In the context of the available options in Thiensen (Personal stocking, entertainment agent) a connection between the botanical and dendrologic tasks of school biology, ecology and aesthetics is sought. After the experience gained over many years, these tasks can be very well combined.
School, university and research
The Arboretum is a high degree of intensification of practical and theoretical biology teaching in general and vocational schools. In addition, it is intended to support and promote both academic and horticultural specialist training as well as the botanical research.
The school biology departments include:
- The evolution of the trees with a coal grove from the Carboniferous,
- A life-size model of a scientific herbivorous dinosaur from the Triassic,
- A standing in the water large bald cypress forest of the Tertiary,
- A geological adventure trail,
- A Department of crops with grain varieties,
- Another small school biology topics such as carnivorous plants.
The latest attraction in the Arboretum is opened in April 2008 Amber Garden. This part of the school biology department is under the heading of "Fascination Amber - Gold of the trees " was created and used by Bernstein. Visitors will learn, among other things about the legendary Amber forests 50 million years ago and admire high wall photo panels of the famous Amber Room in St. Petersburg in amber pavilion. In addition, the Arboretum operates together with the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück and the Otto - Henneberg - Poppenbuettel Foundation, Hamburg, some woody plant research projects. Thus, the water forests on various woody plants such as red maple (Acer rubrum), Briny chokeberry (Aronia arbutifolia ) Cephalanthus occidentalis, the white cypress (Chamaecyparis thyoides ), the ink berry holly (Ilex glabra), the swamp magnolia (Magnolia virginiana ) and the Real bald cypress (Taxodium distichum ) and the upright cypress (Taxodium distichum var imbricarium ) studies on the anatomical adaptation to environmental and site performed.
Another research focus is the sighting, breeding and selection of shrub peonies. In the Arboretum not only the largest shrub peonies assortment Germany became with all wild species and 245 varieties, but also started with its own selection and breeding work in the last ten years. The American Lutea hybrids and the wild species originating from China Paeonia are rockii ( SGHaw et LALauener ) T. Hong et JJ Li and their hybrids in the center of interest. According to previous Sichtungsergebnissen are about 500 part 25 -year-old specimens of Paeonia rockii in the Arboretum. This vigorous and over two meters tall species is much more valuable than the sometimes extremely disabled Suffruticosa garden hybrids from China, Japan and France.
Environmental education as an important task
The Arboretum Ellerhoop - Thiensen is a place of cultural encounter and education. In addition, it has set itself the task of making his visitors on environmental issues and the laws of ecology attentive. For this purpose, various teaching objects, such as an ecological trail, contribute. In the section " Local Trees and shrubs " are rare and endangered tree species, especially of potentially vulnerable sites in Schleswig-Holstein, compiled. But these are cultivated in protecting collections and presented to the public. Among the types of shrub birch (Betula humilis ), Crab Apple (Malus sylvestris) and wild pear are (Pyrus pyraster ).
The plant collections
The trees continue to take a central position within the theme of the Arboretum Ellerhoop - Thiensen. The plant collections are constantly expanding. Focal points are the genera Prunus, apple (Malus ) and hydrangeas ( Hydrangea ). After a 50-year life of the planted specimens, however, soil fatigue can not be overlooked. Therefore, there is a slow conversion to other flowers and shrubs on these surfaces. A new Sichtungsschwerpunkt represent the autumn dyer trees, which hand down in conjunction with a grass and asters Garden a taste of Indian Summer.
On the shores of Lake Arboretum, there are large stocks of various bamboo species, the genus Phyllostachys, Fargesia, Pseudosasa and Sasa are formative. The characteristic key plants thereby form Alnus glutinosa ' Imperialis ', various Salix species and Miscanthus varieties. The bamboo sighting is intense in the Arboretum Thiensen for about 20 years. In a well -grown, indestructible Phyllostachyswäldchen a bamboo jungle path is set up.
Situated near the Münster Court heather garden is next to a large range of Calluna and Erica representatives also the most important herbs and woody plants of the heath.
To extend the Park season and already attract visitors early on, a camellia house was established in 1998, in the heyday often begins in late January. Worth seeing are the department with shape trees and located in front of the gazebo rose garden in front of the gazebo.
In The Red Garden
Yellow garden with sundial
Cottage garden and garden art
An important task of the Arboretum is to preserve ancient rural heritage. Thus was created over the course of about ten years ago the south gable of the historic Minster Court one of the finest and most extensive cottage gardens in northern Germany, are preserved in the old cultural forms of ornamental and useful plants.
In addition, special emphasis has been placed on the system of color plantings and color gardens in recent years. So there is a white garden, a blue and a red discounts, the Sun Trail, the garden of the purple impressions and discounts in romantic colors ( purple pink ). A specialty of the Arboretum are both Blumenzwiebelverwilderungen in the woods edge area and the approximately one -acre meadow with thousands of fragrant daffodils poet.
It is particularly admired a highly sturdy solid avenue of wisteria, the so-called wisteria tunnel, which develops its blue blossoms in spring. There is also a scent and touch garden for the visually impaired and blind people, but which is often visited by sighted people, a Chinese garden with a moon gate and moon rock ratios and a garden of the south Mediterranean woody plants and crops. On the south shore of Lake Arboretum bloom in July and August, thousands of lotus flowers. Here guests of the arboretum can not only admire the beauty of tropical flowers, but also experience the phenomenon of the ' roughness ' of the lotus petals directly at the object.
The scenic and harmonious system in Thiensen illustrates that school garden topics, Gehölzsichtung, recreation, botanical - dendrological science and ecology on the one hand and garden beauty does not exclude the other. Well over 100,000 visitors a year impressively confirm this park development policy.
The Rose Garden
Autumn exhibition of different pumpkin species
Transport links, opening times
The Arboretum is part of the cycle network of the circle Pinneberg and easily accessible via the bike path No. 1 of the cycle path network hiking Schleswig -Holstein. By car you drive from the A23, exit Tornesch, direction Barmstedt - Ellerhoop and then follow the signs. In addition, the Arboretum is accessible from the S-Bahn station coming on line 185 of the HVV in Pinneberg.
The facility is open from April to September daily from 10:00 to 19:00 clock. During the winter months the system clock from 10:00 to sunset is open to visitors.