Go- Daigo (后 醍醐 天皇jap, Go- Daigo- tennō, literally " butter oil 'of the Later "; * November 26, 1288, † September 19, 1339 ) was the 96th Tenno of Japan (29 March 1318 - September 18, 1339 ). He was a son of Emperor Go- Uda and the father of Emperor Go - Murakami. With him ended in 1333, the government of the Kamakura Shogunate. His proper name was Takaharu (尊 治).
He had many ladies and many of them sons and daughters. Some of his sons helped him as generals in his fight against the Samurai.
At the beginning he had a good relationship with Ashikaga Takauji. Go- Daigo ascended the throne again, but the Kamakura shogunate exiled him to the island of Oki, (now Shimane prefecture) and appointed as Kōgon Gegentennō. After the shogunate ended, mounted Go-Daigo back the throne and began his second government. After his idea of Tennō as in antiquity should directly controlling the State and he gave the court nobility more power ( Kemmu restoration ). But his policy pleased the Most samurai, as well as Takauji, not, and both were opponents. After the failure of the restoration Kemmu appointed Takauji in 1336 the Gegentennō Komyo, the son of Kōgon. Go- Daigo moved the court of Kyoto away after Yoshino (time the North and Südhöfe ), now Nara Prefecture, where his grave is.