Encalypta vulgaris - sterile plants

The Encalyptaceae are a family akrokarper Moose, the only one in the order Encalyptales and subclass Encalyptidae.


It is rather small, upright growing mosses.

Its leaves are oblong ligulate. Your midrib extends to the blade tip. The cells of the leaf blade are roundish. In the lower part of the leaves are larger, transparent and smooth against the upper part of the leaves are dull dull and papillose, the transition is gradual.

The cylindrical capsules stand upright on a more or less long seta. You are always completely enveloped by a large, bell-shaped, smooth or at most slightly striped Kalyptra. The peristome may be designed very differently.


The Encalyptaceae inhabiting cold and temperate zones, especially the northern hemisphere. Some species also occur in the high mountains of the tropics. The species grow on soil or rock. Many species prefer calcareous rock.


The family consists of only three genera with about 38 species:

  • Glockenhutmoose ( Encalypta ) with about 36 species
  • Bryobrittonia, 1 art, cold regions of the northern hemisphere (northern North America, northern Eurasia to Spitzbergen) Bryobrittonia longipes
  • Bryobartramia novae- valesiae


  • Urania plant kingdom. Volume 2: mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, 1st Edition 1992, Urania -Verlag, Leipzig, 1992, ISBN 3-332-00495-6
  • Jan- Peter Frahm, Wolfgang Frey: moss flora. Verlag Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart 1992, ISBN 3-8252-1250-5
  • Wolfgang Frey, Jan- Peter Frahm, Eberhard Fischer, Wolfram Lobin: Small cryptogamic flora Volume IV: The Moss and Ferns of Europe. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New York 1995, ISBN 3-437-30756-8