Environmental Mapping and Analysis Program ( EnMAP ) is the first German hyperspectral satellite mission. The new technique allows to record spectrally - diagnostic, quantitative data for monitoring geo - and biochemical parameters of the earth's surface. The primary objective of the mission is to contribute a significant contribution to the understanding of climate-relevant processes. The German Research Centre for Geosciences - Helmholtz Centre Potsdam has the scientific management of the EnMAP mission, management lies with the Space Agency of the German Aerospace Center (DLR ). The sensor is developed by Kayser- Threde. This will, at a contract between DLR and the company in November 2008, the system leadership for the mission. OHB System builds the satellite bus, among other things, the previously was used for the SAR -Lupe satellites. The ground segment will be planned, constructed and operated by the DLR. The launch of EnMAP is for 2017Vorlage: Future / provided in 3 years. The planned operation phase lasts 5 years.
EnMAP records the Earth's surface on a sun-synchronous orbit at a height of 653 km with a ground resolution of 30 mx 30 m. The scan width is 30 km, the satellite is able to process a stripe length of up to 5000 km per day. The possibility of lateral tilting of the satellite by up to / - 30 ° allows comparison observations of the same place within four days.
The 1000 kg satellite takes in 244 continuously juxtaposed channels in the spectral range 420-2450 nanometers ( blue visible light to shortwave infrared). From the analysis of spectral signatures is quantitative diagnostic information can, among other things derived on vegetation, soil and water parameters, in turn, enable a conclusion to be changes in our environment.