Enoch (ancestor of Noah)

Enoch or Enoch (Hebrew: חנוך Hanoch, maybe follower ( of God) or initiation) is a biblical figure who was taken away before her death from the earth ( Gen Rapture 5.18 to 24 EU). Due to the unclear circumstances of his disappearance he provoked many different, including symbolic, mystical and esoteric interpretations.

This Enoch is not to be confused with Enoch, son of Cain, after whom a city was named (Gen 4.17 EU).

  • 3.1 The apocryphal books of Enoch
  • 3.2 Apocryphal writings
  • 3.3 Pearl of Great Price


" 18 And Jared lived one hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Enoch. 19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. 20 And there were all the days of Jared nine hundred and sixty-two years, and he died. 21 And Enoch lived sixty-five years, and begat Methuselah. 22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah the three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. 23 And there were all the days of Enoch three hundred and sixty-five years. 24 And Enoch walked with God, and he was no more, because God had taken him. "

Hebrew Chanoch חֲנוֹךְ, translit. Hanok Hanok or ) received a staff that God created on the sixth day of creation, of Adam. He passed it on to Noah, from which he came Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob to Joseph. After that it was Moshe who did this magic rod before Pharaoh to release Israel.

Enoch in the Christian Bible

Old Testament

  • In the Old Testament can be found only a short paragraph about Enoch in Genesis 5.18 to 24 EU. Then Enoch is the eldest son of Jared, and thus a descendant of the set. His father was 162 years old when he begot him. He himself became the father of Methuselah at the age of 65 years. He then said to have lived 300 years and have had many other sons and daughters. Then it says in verse 24: " Enoch was walked with God, he was no longer there; because God had taken him " ( NASB). His life attained the age of 365 years, which is low compared to its parents and children can be seen symbolically: the number corresponds to the number of days in a solar year.

A similar story is found in the Bible in 2 Kings 2:11 EUF with the rapture of Elijah.

  • The deuterocanonical book of Wisdom ( 4.7 to 17 ) obviously plays to Enoch: "The righteous one, also comes to an end early, enters into God's rest. [ ... ] He pleased God and was loved by him; because he lived among sinners in the middle, he was caught. "

New Testament

  • New Testament is emphasized in Heb 11.5 EU that Enoch was translated " by faith " and did not have to die and that he received the testimony before the Rapture, that "he pleased God. " This shows the influence of Pauline theology, with their justification of the believer by faith, not by works-righteousness.
  • In Jud 1.14 EU a set of Enoch is quoted according to common view, which is also found in the apocryphal Book of Enoch Ethiopian ( 1.9 ). Enoch, " the seventh from Adam ," had prophesied of future false teachers and that God will come with ten thousands of saints to judge the wickedness of the people. This passage shows that in the early Christian communities still writings were received, which should be no longer canonized by the later church.
  • Enoch is in Lk 3,37 EU also mentioned in the genealogies of Jesus Christ.

Apart from Biblical sources

The apocryphal books of Enoch

Under the name of Enoch, there are four different apocryphal books, with the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th Be Enoch or sometimes referred to by the languages ​​in which they were mainly about supplies.

  • The first book of Enoch is also known as Ethiopian Book of Enoch. It is fully narrated only in Ethiopic. Parts of the book are also in Greek ( the first 32 chapters in a manuscript 1886/87 found, also sometimes referred to as Greek Enoch is ) and Aramaic receive.
  • The 2nd Book of Enoch ( Slavonic Book of Enoch ) is only preserved in Church Slavonic.
  • The 3rd Book of Enoch ( Hebrew Book of Enoch ) in Hebrew.
  • The 4th Book of Enoch ( My first life ). This text presents a detailed biography of Enoch.

Enoch was raptured according to biblical tradition of God in heaven. In the Enoch books were painted from what Enoch may have seen in his sky travel well. The first book of Enoch contains five different part - books, possibly created by different writers. Various Aramaic and Hebrew fragments of the first two Enoch were found at Qumran and are thus safe datable to the period between 130 BC and 68 AD

For the first time in the above first book of Enoch the description of a "hell " be tormented in the people ( Chapter 21 ), which is unknown in the Torah. The descriptions of the various heavens and hells, together with their angels (especially the fallen ), also influenced by the ideas of the early church fathers of the 2nd to 4th century. Therefore historians attribute the books to a significant role in the development of Christian dogma of the doctrine of hell and of certain aspects of the Apocalypse.

Apocryphal writings

After the Pseudo- Titus - letter Enoch is commissioned to write a history of the first man. With this statement the existence of Henochbücher can be justified.

In the Apocalypse of Paul Enoch is referred to as the scribe of righteousness.

After the Ascension of Isaiah to Enoch, and others are in heaven, clothed without their carnal body and into new garments; Thrones and crowns will get them accordingly only after the arrival of the Messiah.

After the Apocalypse of Peter, a false Christ will come. Then Enoch and Elijah will appear and expose them.

Pearl of Great Price

In the 7th and 8th chapter of the Book of Moses in the Pearl of Great Price, the biblical story of Enoch is told in more detail. This story is considered by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter -day Saints as authentic. Consequently, God called Enoch as a prophet to preach repentance to the people. He was called seer. The report also includes a sermon of Enoch, which he himself describes as a plan of salvation through repentance, baptism, and Jesus Christ. He is said to have seen a vision of God, and talked with him. He was the leader of God's people, called Zion. He and the people and the city of Zion was taken up into heaven.


Enoch is commonly recycled to the Sumerian antediluvian Enmeduranki a ruler.

Pictures of Enoch (ancestor of Noah)