Enrico Letta

Enrico Letta ( born August 20, 1966 in Pisa ) is an Italian politician ( Partito Democratico ). He was on April 28, 2013 to February 22, 2014 Prime Minister of Italy.

Family and Education

Letta was born the son of the mathematician Giorgio Letta ( b. 1936 ), professor at the University of Pisa, and his wife Anna. The father was ( like his uncle, the politician Gianni Letta ) from Avezzano, L' Aquila province. After completing his political science studies at the University of Pisa, Nicoletta was awarded his doctorate with a research paper on European Law at the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna in Pisa.

He is in second marriage with Gianna Fregonara, journalist at the daily newspaper Corriere della Sera, married. The couple has three children.

Political career

From 1991 to 1995 he was chairman of the Youth of the European People's Party, then Secretary General of the Euro - Committee in the Italian Budget Ministry (1996-1997) and Deputy Chairman of the Partito Popolare Italiano ( 1997-1998).

In the Cabinet D'Alema I ( October 1998-December 1999 ) he was one of seven ministers without portfolio ( task pane Politiche comunitarie '). In the Cabinet D' Alema II ( December 1999 to April 2000 ), he was Minister of Industry ( ' Industria, Commercio e Artigianato '); just as in the Cabinet Amato II ( April 2000-June 2001 ). 2001-2007 he was economics spokesman of La Margherita - Democrazia è Libertà.

In the 2004 European elections Letta was elected at the The Olive center-left list in the European Parliament, where he served until 2006 as a member of the Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. There he worked in the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs at the Delegation for relations with the Maghreb countries and the Arab Maghreb Union and in the temporary committee on policy challenges and budgetary means of the enlarged Union 2007-2013.

After the victory of the center-left coalition L' Unione in the Italian elections in April 2006 he moved as a representative of his party (La Margherita ) in the House of Representatives and was appointed Secretary to the Prime Minister in the Cabinet Prodi II. In this role he took over from his uncle Gianni Letta, who belonged to the opposition center-right camp to Silvio Berlusconi.

On 23 May 2007 Enrico Letta was one of the 45 signatories of the founding committee of the merged from left and Christian Partito Democratico (PD). His candidacy for the presidency of the new party was supported by renowned representatives of centrist groupings, including by Agriculture Minister Paolo De Castro and former President Francesco Cossiga. When carried out on 14 October 2007 ballot in the Italian population, he clearly was defeated with 11.1 % of the vote but his rival Walter Veltroni ( 75.8 %) and Rosy Bindi ( 12.9 %).

Letta was a member of the Trilateral Commission and sat together with Mario Monti on the Executive Committee of the Aspen Institute Italy. In spring 2012, Enrico Letta attended the Bilderberg conference in Chantilly ( Virginia).

Tenure as Prime Minister

As part of the government crisis after the Italian parliamentary elections in late February 2013 Letta was commissioned as deputy head of the Partito Democratico on April 24, 2013 President Giorgio Napolitano to form a government. Prior to his party leader Pier Luigi Bersani had failed it and had announced his resignation. Letta sought a coalition with Silvio Berlusconi's PdL and Mario Monti Scelta Civica and put Napolitano on April 27 in front of his new Cabinet. His government was sworn in on April 28.

The Italian Constitution writes a vote of confidence in any new government in both houses of Parliament - Chamber of Deputies and Senate - before. Lettas government received in this vote on April 29, 2013 House of Representatives, a large majority. Also in the Senate a day later, she received a large majority ( 233 per senators, 59 contra, 18 abstentions).

Lettas government scored 21 ministries. Were considered the three major political currents: the center-left and center-right camp, the parties of the center and independents.

Letta graduated first official visits to Berlin, Brussels (EU) and Paris.

On September 26, 2013, the International Monetary Fund published a study on the economic situation in Italy and forecast

  • A net borrowing in the amount of 3.2% of GDP (the government had previously called 2.9%),
  • 2013 recession (1.8 percent) and
  • For 2014, a growth of 1.4 percent.

The IMF economists called on the Italian government to deregulate the labor market and the service sector to make its judicial system more efficient and to enable the privatization program again in order to reduce the high debt in Italy.

On September 28, 2013 Angelino Alfano left, Deputy Prime Minister in the Cabinet Letta and secretary of Berlusconi's PdL party to announce that the five ministers of his party will withdraw from the Italian government. Was justified this officially with the protest against a planned increase in VAT ( " IVA " ), but many observers saw behind it a political maneuver Berlusconi to divert attention from his legal problems and bring about new elections. A day earlier, Letta had announced after the failure of a cabinet meeting on a fiscal policy package to try to put the question of confidence in both houses of Parliament on October 2, 2013, to see if he still has a stable majority government. The ministers of the PdL signed on the same weekend on " behest " Berlusconi her resignation, but, criticized the " extremist " decision of their party leaders. On October 1, Alfano called the PdL deputies on to vote for the vote of confidence for Letta. On the evening of the same day Letta rejected the resignation of the PdL - minister.

When held on October 2, confidence voted 77 percent of senators (235 pro, contra 70 ) for Letta. Thus, at the same time, the attempt Berlusconi, the Letta government to bring down. Most recently, Berlusconi, given the looming electoral defeat and the threat of splitting his own party, even advocated Letta express your trust. Also in the House, the majority of parliamentarians spoke to him the confidence of (435 per 162 contra ).

Due to an internal party vote of 13 February 2014 with the demand of the new party chairman Matteo Renzi was met by a new government, Enrico Letta resigned with his cabinet on 14 February 2014. However, President Giorgio Napolitano instructed the Cabinet Letta with continuation of current matters and to the swearing in of the new government Renzi. Letta handed over his office on 22 February 2014, Matteo Renzi.


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