Ensdorf is a municipality in the district of Saarlouis, Saarland. Ensdorf is located on the right bank of the Saar.
- 3.1 Structures
- 3.2 Tourism
- 6.1 Sons and daughters of the town
Prove Steinbeilfunde have that in the territory of the present municipality Ensdorf already at about 2000-1000 BC people lived, or at least delayed. Of the historians is recognized as detectable first mention of the place and accepted April 11, 1179. This date comes from a letter of protection of Pope Alexander III forth with the same date. In it, he confirms that in addition to the possessions of the abbey Wadgassen also a " Allodium Boemundi ", which was located in " Enstorff ". Under Allodium is a heritage to understand. It is assumed, that has inherited or been given this heritage with the name Boemund the Abbey Wadgassen man. It was not until the 17th century, the modern name Ensdorf is uniformly documented.
Remains of military roads, the former Roman fort in leases and the fertile plain with the Lisdorfer Au testify to, at least in the first centuries, a large turnover. Good craftsmen and fertile fields and the Saar with its abundance of fish and the ability to load waterways were grounds for a settlement. End of the 17th century, the village life in the community developed strengthened the evidence of agriculture and crafts. The mining industry, a new emerging profession in addition to the iron and steel works, offered the male population sources of income and wealth.
After the Saar area was ceded to France in 1815 by Prussia, the municipality developed within a short time from a purely agricultural village to a thriving handicraft, commercial and industrial center. Its importance is underlined by the formerly powerful pit of Europe, the pit Duhamel, the powerhouse of the VSE AG and numerous medium-sized businesses.
On 1 January 1974 Ensdorf was initially assigned Schwalbach / Saar due to a local government reform. However, the citizens could undo this by their massive protests. Since 1 January 1982 Ensdorf is again an independent municipality in the district of Saarlouis.
The municipal council with 27 ( two seats vacant ) seats shall be as follows according to the local elections of 7 June 2009 together:
- The Left:
- FW Ensdorf:
Ensdorf maintains an official partnership with the French municipalities Wizernes and Hallines and a friendship with the Bavarian village of Ensdorf.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the municipality Ensdorf shows on the silver Wellenschildfluß in a red field a silver heraldic lily, floating on a golden mallet and iron, from which the left and right sides exudes a silver flash. The silver shaft will indicate that Ensdorf is located on the Saar and is functionally associated with it. Since on the community as the most important industrial enterprises spell the mine Ensdorf is lying with their power within the Western European coal mining at the top, the mining characters hammer and chisel in blazon occupies a central position; that it appears in gold, to underline the economic importance of mining for Ensdorf in the color accent again. The flashes indicate the power plant Ensdorf. The silver lily is a symbol for Mary, and refers to the fact that Ensdorf belonged until 1581 to the abbey Wadgassen, whose church was dedicated to the Mother of God. The lily is also a symbol of French kings and illustrates the historical ties with France by the former belonging to spell Saarlouis. As the place after 1581 came to the Duchy of Lorraine, appear in the coat of arms of silver, red and gold colors as the Dukes of Lorraine. The coat of arms was granted on 22 November 1963.
Culture and sights
The Ensdorfer Bergehalde is a ~ 100 m (~ 380 m above sea level. NN ) Lookout with a hiking trail. In mid-2005 the art project "Art on the heap " was exhibited various Saarland artist in him.
The most famous club of the place is the Football Club (FC) Ensdorf. In the 1970s and 1980s, the football club experienced - at times in the Oberliga West - his greatest successes. In the season 1973 /74 FC Ensdorf even played for one season in the Regionalliga West, the then second division in German football. The club has a grass and hard courts.
Economy and infrastructure
Industry: Bituminous coal mining, coal-fired power plant. The Ensdorf mine was with around 4,000 employees is one of the largest in Germany. It promoted from particularly convenient seams approximately 3.5 million tons of high quality thermal coal a year. Since 2005, however, the coal mining caused repeatedly mild to moderate tremors that led to growing protests by the affected population. On 23 February 2008, a mountain impact strength was 4.0 on the Richter scale, which led to considerable damage to the surface to Saarwellingen. Coal mining was then temporarily suspended; with a resumption of assistance from the abundant coal seams in the Primsmulde is not expected. By 2012 (Gran tracks, Wahlschied ) has been provided about a third of the previous delivery volume in smaller seams; the coal age in the Saar region was mid-2012 finally over.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Peter Altmaier ( born June 18, 1958), politician ( CDU)
- Herbert Martin ( born August 29, 1925), national football team (Saarland) 1950-1956