Entablature refers Architects generally belonging to a ceiling or roof joists. This refers, for example, the components of a wooden joist or a roof structure. In a narrower sense, it can be also addressed a structure of the support bars on a wall, in that the transition from floor to floor or from a basement to the roof.
In connection with the Greek and Roman architecture of antiquity is understood rafters of the upper part of a column order, consisting of architrave ( epistyle ), Fries and the cornices, the supreme, the final building, cornice. It is the totality of the horizontal structural members which rest on a capital and bear the overlying roof structure. In more recent construction research the term Epistylion is used as a synonym for this entablature, in the ancient sources only the architrave was thus addressed, however. In this ancient construction, it was originally a wooden structure, which was already covered early but with terracottas, or was replaced by stone beams. The term entablature refers here generally on the design and formal education through the externally visible stone beams, for example, in the context of different orders of columns. In later architectural eras, from the Renaissance to the historicism of the 19th century, the ancient entablature was taken up again, as antikisierendes cornice, especially as a cornice (also cornice or cornice ).
References and footnotes
- Architecture ( Ancient Greece )