Enugu is the capital of the state of Enugu in Nigeria with a population of 749 235 (calculated as of 2012). The conurbation has a population of 914 185 inhabitants.
The city is located in the southeast of Nigeria at the foot of the Udi Hills.
The place was founded in 1909 after coal deposits were discovered nearby. Enugu was appointed the administrative center after the completion of the railway line to Port Harcourt in 1912. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Enugu was established in 1962.
From 1967 to 1970 Enugu was the official capital of the breakaway state of Biafra from Nigeria. Their function as the seat of government could, however, after the capture of the city in October 1967 by Nigerian troops no longer meet.
Enugu is a major coal mining and trading center in the same state. There are manufactured pharmaceuticals, steel, pottery, tiles, asbestos, cement, machinery and petroleum products.
The city is the seat of Godfrey Okoye University and opened in 1973, the Institute of Management and Technology.
Enugu has the Akanu Ibiam International Airport ( IATA: ENU, ICAO: DNEN ) via an airport. This was previously reserved with flights of Arik Airlines and Aero Contractors national calls, but have through the establishment of a compound of Addis Ababa by Ethiopian Airlines from August 2013, through an international connection.
The Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium in Enugu, has a seating capacity of 25,000. It is the home of the " Enugu Rangers ". They play in the first Nigerian football league and have never been relegated from this.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie ( born 1977 ), writer
- Festus Agu ( born 1975 ), football player
- Dr. Alban ( born 1957 ), musician
- Tony MMOH (born 1958 ), tennis player
- Tony Nwachukwu ( born 1959 ), artist
- Adaobi Nwaubani Tricia (born 1976 ), writer
- Chinedu Obasi ( born 1986 ), football player
- Odili Donald Odita (born 1966 ), painter and installation artist
- Edward Ofere ( born 1986 ), football player
- Chikeluba Ofoedu (* 1992), football player
- Jay -Jay Okocha (born 1973 ), football player
- Solomon Okoronkwo (* 1987), football player
- Christian Okpala (born 1976 ), football player
- Henry Onwuzuruike ( b. 1979 ), football player
- Ebere Orji (* 1992), football player
- Nduka Ozokwo (* 1988), football player
- John Utaka ( b. 1982 ), football player
- Peter Utaka ( born 1984 ), football player
- Kenneth Zeigbo (born 1976 ), football player
Other impacts associated with the City of personalities
- Cyprian Ekwensi (1921-2007), writer
- Anthony Okonkwo Gbuji ( born 1931 ), Bishop of Enugu
- Michael Ugwu Eneja (1919-2008), Bishop of Enugu
- Obiora Ike (* 1956), vicar general in the Diocese of Enugu
- Albert Kanene Obiefuna (1930-2011), teacher and rector at the seminary Bigard Memorial Seminary in Enugu
- Callistus Valentine Onaga (born 1958 ), Bishop of Enugu
- Okwui Enwezor (* 1963), curator and author