Eordaia (Greek Ἐορδαία ), also called Eordias ( Ἐορδίας ), called in ancient times those mountainous landscape of Greece, which covered the ridge of the mountain Vermio. It is bounded in the north of the Lake Vegoritida and to the southeast from the lower reaches of the river Aliakmona. To the east, it falls in the lowland plain of Imathia. The landscape consisted of approximately the east of today's regional district Kozani in the region of Western Macedonia.
In ancient times Eordaia bordered to the west by the mountain Orestis, the north side of the lake to Vegoritida Lynkestis, to the south Elimiotis, in the southeast side of the Aliakmona to the mountains of Pieria. In the east, the Vermio (old name Bermion ) down rising they bordered on the niedermakedonische landscape Bottiaia.
Eordaia was the easternmost of the so-called obermakedonischen mountain landscapes, which was originally inhabited by the people, according to Thucydides the Eordois who had to submit to the expanding of Elimiotis and Lynkestis from Macedonians and went up in them. Otto Abel she reckoned to the Phrygians, as they had lived their geographical localization on Vermiogebirge ( Bermion ) mentioned by Herodotus in the "Garden of Midas ". The above also from this " eOrder ", which had 480 BC joined the army of Xerxes I, according to Fritz Geyer must already have been Macedonian. In contrast to the other countries obermakedonischen no prince house has survived, apparently because this country was very early on because of its border location to Lower Macedonia under the direct control of the royal house of Argeaden for Eordaia. They had their first royal residences Beroia ( Veria ) and Aigai ( Vergina ) strategically built right at the transition from Eordaia the lowlands of Bottiaia way through which they justified their kingdom.
As reported by Arrian, Ptolemy I came from Eordaia, the Hellenistic Ptolemäerdynastie founded after the death of Alexander the Great in Egypt, which ended with the death of Cleopatra VII in 30 BC. The late antique author Stephanos of Byzantium, however, claimed that Ptolemy came from the city " Orestia ", which is generally identified with Argos Orestikon in Orestis. However, a re-discovered epigram of Poseidippos confirming the particulars of Arrian, according to which Ptolemy II boasted the lineage of his father from the Eordaia.
In 1927 the Turkish city originally founded Kailaria was renamed in accordance with Ptolemy I at Ptolemais, which was incorporated into the municipality Eordaia 2010.
- Lagos, father of Ptolemy I
- Menelaus, brother of Ptolemy I
- Peithon, a bodyguard of Alexander
- Aristonous, a bodyguard of Alexander