The ЭР200 ( ER200 ) is at the Riga railway car factory (RVR ) in today's Latvia -built high-speed trainset.
Mid-1971, plans were drawn up of the Soviet state railways known to develop a Schnellfahrtriebzug for the route Moscow - Leningrad. With a top speed of 200 km / h, the travel time between the two cities by almost five should be reduced to four hours, according to a cruising speed of 162 km / h Depending on the transport needs of the HE -200 trains should include eight to 14 cars.
A first trainset was built in 1973. He received the designation ER200, while E represents electric, R for the Riga manufacturer's location, 200 for its top speed. In test runs, a maximum speed of 236 km / h was achieved. From 1984, the train on the railway line St. Petersburg - Moscow was planned for use. Two additional control car ( spare) were built in 1988. The decision was made to build another ER200 - train. The second ER200 (2 ) train was completed during the crisis period from 1991 to 1994. By 1993, the two spare control cars to form a third ER200 train were used which traveled as a 6- car train from Saint Petersburg to Novgorod on weekend days.
The ER200 had at its start-up is very important for the image of the Soviet state railways, much like today, the Intercity - Express for the German railway. So were on numerous articles, for example in the dining car trains of conventional images of the ER200 to see.
There were concrete plans to replace the ER200 with a newer train ЭС250 ( ES250, called Sokol ( " Falcon " ), Russian Сокол ). The project, however, was abandoned for various reasons, above all, quality.
In 2008, a control cars and three intermediate cars of the first ER200 have been handed over to the St. Petersburg railway museum. On 20 February 2009, the last scheduled run of the ER200 between Moscow and St. Petersburg was undertaken. In May 2009, two wagons of a ER200 ( a control cars and intermediate cars ) have been handed over to the Moscow Railway Museum. 2011 control cars and two intermediate cars have been transferred to the Samara Railway Museum.
ER200 is a successor of the previous December 18, 2009 in operation, manufactured by Siemens in Germany Velaro, called Sapsan ( " Peregrine Falcon ", Russian сапсан ), which is a further development of the German ICE 3. This has gone with initially up to 250 km / h in operation; a possible increase top speed to 300 km / h for use on the proposed new high speed line between Moscow and St Petersburg is provided.