Erik Axel Karlfeldt

Erik Axel Karlfeldt ( born as Erik Axel Eriksson, born July 20, 1864 in Karlbo in Avesta, † April 8, 1931 in Stockholm) was a Swedish poet and Nobel Prize for Literature.

Life and work

Karlfeldt grew up as the son of the farmer Erik Eriksson and his wife Anna Jansdotter on in Karlbo, Dalarna. However, when a station was opened in the neighboring Krylbo, thus settled industry, Eriksson began making horse-trading, which in 1885 eventually led to his arrest for alleged forgery. In order to distance themselves from him by his son in 1889 the name Karlfeldt to.

Karlfeldt attended a high school in Västerås, where he received his high school diploma in 1885. Then studied inter alia in Uppsala Literary history and was from 1892 to 1912 teacher and librarian. During this time, his first books of poetry published.

Committed to the new romanticism, Karlfeldt found the motifs and themes for his poems in local history, legends, folklore, and in the Bible. Already as a student he wrote poems during his studies he published under pseudonyms in some newspapers. However, he had greater success only in 1898 and 1901 with Fridolin Fridolin Lustgård and Visor och på dalmålningar rim. He was influenced by Verner von Heidenstam and Gustaf Fröding.

1904 Karlfeldt, who was considered one of the most talented poet of Sweden, member of the Swedish Academy (Svenska academies) was. In 1912 he was also elected to its secretary. A post he retained until his death. 1917 gave the University of Uppsala him an honorary doctorate.

Erik Axel Karlfeldt died on 8 April 1931 in Stockholm from bronchitis. At this time he was regarded as the most popular poet of Sweden. He was buried in his hometown Krylbo.

Nobel Prize ceremony

In October 1931, Karl field of the Nobel Prize for Literature was awarded. He is still the only Nobel, which was awarded posthumously. The posthumous award provoked criticism, however, did not contradict the statutes of the Nobel Foundation, because the nomination by Nathan Soderblom was done before Karl Feldt's death.

Karlfeldt was alive on several occasions, the first time in 1918, has been nominated for the Nobel Prize. He had, however, because he himself was a member of the committee, the ceremony always rejected. Before his death, however, he had already announced his resignation so that the basis of his concerns was omitted. Therefore, the jury decided to accede to the request of the also died in July 1931 Nobel Peace Soderblom.


  • Vildmarks - och kärleksvisor (1895 )
  • Fridolin's visor (1898 )
  • Fridolin Lustgård och på dalmålningar rim ( 1901)
  • Flora och Pomona (1906 )
  • Tankar och tal ( 1932)


In German language two volumes of poetry selection (1938 and 1969 ) as well as Fridolin's Songs ( 1944) have appeared. The latter contains the poems of Fridolin Fridolin's visor and Lustgård och på dalmålningar rim.