Ernst Stromer

Karl Heinrich Ernst Freiherr Stromer von Reichenbach ( born June 12, 1871 in Nuremberg, † December 18, 1952 in Erlangen, Germany ) was a German palaeontologist and one of the most important dinosaur researchers.


Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach belongs to a noble family, which belonged in the Middle Ages to the most important patrician families of the city of Nuremberg. Some members of the family Stromer (previously also Stromair and Stromeyer ) acted as Foremost Losunger ( administrator of the municipal taxes) and Mayor of Nuremberg. The family was represented since their immigration to Nuremberg with interruptions in the 16th and 17th centuries in the "Inner Council " of Nuremberg. Ulman Stromer (1329-1407) wrote the earliest work of the Nuremberg historiography and founded and ran the first paper mill in Germany. His half brother Peter Stromer invented 1368 Nadelwaldsaat through which it was possible for the first time in forestry, to sow on schedule and to a large extent the forest. From 1754 the electricity, the Green family castle in Middle Franconia belonged.


Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach made ​​by the study of fossil vertebrates deserves. He worked in Leiden / Holland (1897 curator of the " Geological- Mineralogical Rijksmuseum " ) and Munich (1901 Habilitation in 1908 associate professor in 1920 head curator and 1930, department director at the " Bavarian State Collection for Palaeontology and Historical Geology " 1921 Honorary Professor ). In 1916 he was elected an associate member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, in 1921 he became a full member of the Mathematics and Physics class.

Scientific achievements

Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach was first time in 1901 to Egypt. Between 1911 and 1914, discovered his German and Egyptian team in the Egyptian oasis Bahariyya fossil remains of three carnivorous theropod dinosaurs: Bahariasaurus, Carcharodontosaurus and Spinosaurus. In the 1930s, he found bones of herbivorous "elephant dinosaur " ( sauropods ) Aegyptosaurus. Spinosaurus Stromer described ( Thorn Lizard ) 1915 Carcharodontosaurus ( because of the similarity of the teeth with those of the giant shark Carcharodon ) 1931 Aegyptosaurus 1932 Bahariasaurus 1934 ( lizard from Bahariyya ).

The original finds discovered by Ernst Stromer von Reichenbach in Egypt dinosaurs were destroyed during the Second World War in the spring of 1944 in a bombing raid by the Allies to Munich. The director of the museum in which these important fossils have been preserved, had Stromers desire to keep this dinosaur in a safe place, ignored.


In 2000, the American graduate student Joshua Smith honored the German scientist by the - designated the world's second largest dinosaurs as Paralititan stromeri ( Paralititan = " tidal giant" ) - after Argentinosaurus. Fossil remains of almost 30 meters long and up to an estimated 100 -ton type had been discovered in Egypt near the reference, had recovered in electricity Aegyptosaurus. In 1942 he was made an honorary member of the Paleontological Society.


  • The topography and geology of the route Gharaq - Baharije together with remarks on the geological history of Egypt. Munich Academy, 1914, 78 pp. ( Proceedings of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences: Mathematics and physics class) [ Results of the research cruises Prof. E. Stromer in the deserts of Egypt ]
  • Further remarks on the oldest known vertebrate remains, especially about the Anaspida. Proceedings of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Department. Munich: Verlag der Bayer. Academy of Sciences, 1926, pp. 83-104
  • Assured of Palaeozoology. Submitted on March 5, 1943. Munich: Publisher of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, 1944, 114 pp. ( Proceedings of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences: Mathematics and Natural Sciences Department )