Errenteria (Basque, Spanish Rentería ) is a town with 39 178 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013) in the Spanish autonomous province of Gipuzkoa in the Valley of Oiartzun. It lies about 10 km from the French border. In 1320 it was founded under the name of Villa Nueva d' Oiarso. In the vicinity are the neolithic caves and dolmens of Aitzbitarte.
The heyday of the city from the 15th to the 17th century with the rise of the Spanish shipping. From this phase come many historic buildings, including the Monastery of Santa Maria Magdalena and the parish church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, the town hall and many houses. The Fort San Marco was built in 1888.
In the 19th century the region was industrialized. Numerous enterprises of ferrous and non-ferrous metal processing, textile and paper industry and other industries settled in the city, which led to a strong burden of waste water. In the 1960s and 1970s, the city was expanded by building new districts and doubled its population through immigration to more than 45,000. In the last two decades, the population decreased again. The de-industrialization of the last decades and numerous renovation and greening measures led to an improvement of the cityscape and reduce the environmental impact.
2005 Errenteria the technical and vocational training center was established TKNIKA (Centre for Innovation in Vocational Training and Lifelong Learning ) as a body of the Basque Ministry of Education. Entrepreneurs can use the machines and laboratories for their innovation projects.
- Spain Monroy (Cáceres ), Spain ( since 1990)
- France Tulle, France (since 1991)
- Portugal Lousada, Portugal ( since 1998)
- Spain Fuentepelayo (Segovia ), Spain
- Germany Schorndorf Rems -Murr -Kreis, Germany (since 2012)
It is known to Mugaritz, which is since 2006 one of the first places in the list of world's top ten restaurants. Since 1998, it is headed by the well-known for his molecular cuisine Andoni Luis Aduriz.
- Martin de Rentería Usanza, Admiral, fought in 1526 against the Bey of Algiers, Khair ad-Din Barbarossa
- Pedro de Zubiaurre (1568-1605), Admiral under Philip II and the commander of the Armada
- Sancho de Echeverría y Orcolaga (1674-1710), Field Marshal in numerous campaigns in America, Italy and Spain ( War of Spanish Succession )
- Vicente Antonio de Icuza y Arbaiza (1737-1785), captain, captain-general of the province of Caracas
- José Manuel Lujanbio Retegi " Tchirrita " (1860-1936), poet improvisation
- Evaristo Bozas Urrutia (1886-1929), journalist, newspaper editor, Voice of Basque immigrants in South America
- Koldo Mitxelena Elissalt (1915-1987), linguist, important contributions to the study and standardization of the Basque language, as a member of the Basque Nationalist 1937-1943 and 1946-1948 in custody, Professor of Indo-European and Basque linguistics at the Universities of Salamanca and Vitoria- Gasteiz and at the Sorbonne, Dr. hc the University of Barcelona