Esse (Diemel)


The Esse is a 27.6 km long, orographic right side and southern tributary of the Diemel in the district of Kassel, Hesse ( Germany ).


The forge, which runs west of the Central Mountains Reinhard Forest, rises in northern Hesse on the northern edge of the High Church, a hamlet in the north of Vellmar commune in Espenau. The source of the stream is within a pond at about 260 m above sea level. NHN.

The Esse flows mainly in a northerly direction through the Reinhardswald west upstream hills of Hofgeismarer Rötsenke, extensive, mostly treeless and agricultural area in the north of Kassel lying northern part of the West Hessian Depression. Initially, the Esse runs north from the High Church, which she does not flow through, to the northwest. Three times to cross under the railway line Kassel- Warburg, the river turns north to pass shortly afterwards by the southern part of the 1983 reported and 27 acre nature reserve Rothenberg at Castle Uffeln ( NSG-Nr. 82452 ) with the Rothenküler pond. After the coming of the Schloss Wilhelmsthal Virgin Bach opens a. A little further north is tangent to the forge the northwestern part of the nature reserve Rothenberg at Castle Uffeln, and than pass the westerly Grebensteiner community town of Castle Uffeln in open out of Suderbachs.

Then the chimney passes through the core city of Grebestein, where it wraps around the sites in the 249 -meter high castle hill Runie the castle Grebestein west in a long curve to the right. A little further north they reached after five passing under the railway line Kassel- Warburg and unique cross under the Esse valley bridge (main road 83), the core city of Hofgeismar in which they (currently ) passes under the railway line twice and the main road again. At the northeast edge of the city, they passed the little eastern park fresh spring, in which the castle Schoenburg, under which the Lempe opens the longest Esse inflow.

North of Hofgeismar passes through the chimney to the western centers Hofgeismarer urban forest with the Heuberg (392 m) and the eastern section of Schöneberg ( 323.2 m) with the ruins of Schöneberg. Thereafter, it flows through the village Hofgeismarer Hümme and affected the reported 1990, 21 ha large and located east of the river nature reserve Hümmer fracture at strains ( NSG-Nr. 163821 ).

A few kilometers north of Hofgeismar opens the forge at Trendelburger district Stammen just northwest of the castle Stammen to 120.6 m height in the coming there from southwest Weser inflow Diemel.

Flood and watershed

The Esse introduced some strong flood, which she has always attached the small towns Grebestein and Hofgeismar severe damage, especially at the Heinrich flood of 1965. Because this tree trunks driven by a sawmill located above Grebestein to the present in the city at the creek inlet area of ​​the city wall were thawed and there on the water, collapsed parts of the wall, whereupon the water suddenly gushed into the city and together with the entrained tree trunks caused severe damage. Such were including in the creek downstream Hofgeismar.

The headwaters of the forge is on the Diemel-Eder/Fulda/Weser-Wasserscheide, that is, that the sophistication that flows north, drained by the Diemel into the Weser, while the aspen that on the other side high position to Espenau the district Mönchehof springs and flows to the southeast, flows through the Fulda to the Weser.

Nature regions

The catchment area of ​​the chimney is extended to the lower reaches of Diemel, natural area considered the northern section of the West Hessian Depression (main unit 343), the further south the runs of Schwalm, Eder and Fulda follows, and also of the entire West Hessian mountain country (main unit group 34 and D46 ) dar. This section is referred to as Hofgeismarer Rötsenke ( 343.4 ).

Catchment and inflows

Among the tributaries of the forge, whose catchment area is 191.89 km ² belong with orographic mapping (l = left side, R = right side), river length, Mündungsort with Esse Bach kilometers and - if known - catchment size ( downriver considered ) /:

  • Virgin Bach ( l; 5.8 km ) below Espenau High - Churches (near km 23,65 ), 9.041 km ²
  • Suderbach ( l, 4.5 miles) below the High Church (near km 22,85 ), 13.165 km ²
  • Holzkape (r; 9.1 km ) below the High Churches ) (near km 21.5 ), 24.972 km ²
  • Maibach ( l, 3.5 km), Grebestein (near km 19.05 ), 6.63 km ²
  • Nesselbach ( l, 3.6 miles) below Grebestein, near the Bruchmühle (near km 16.7 ), 5.473 km ²
  • Schlüchtergraben (r; 2 km), below Grebestein, near the Bruchmühle (near km 16.6 )
  • Lanne trench ( r; 1.6 km ) below Grebestein (near km 14.4 ), 4.454 km ²
  • Kelzer trench ( l; 2.8 km ) below Grebestein (near km 11.5 ), 2.619 km ²
  • Lempe (r; 16.3 km ), in Hofgeismar (near 8.2 km ), 51.147 km ²
  • Tiefenbach ( r, 2.3 km), Hümme (near km 2.8 ), 5.332 km ²

Water mills

Water mills on the Esse are / were, among others ( downriver considered ):

  • Bergmühle - some below Espenau High - churches
  • Lindenmühle - some below the High Churches
  • Burgmühle - below the Grebensteiner Castle Hill
  • Stone mill - in Grebestein
  • Bruchmühle - directly below Grebestein
  • Walke Mill - slightly above Hofgeismar
  • Stone mill - directly below Hofgeismar
  • Hagemühle - below the Schöneberg ( at Hofgeismar - Schöneberg)


In addition to the stretch of the medieval centers of villages with half-timbered houses and other old buildings along and near the forge worthwhile visits Hofgeismarer district of fresh spring, the enthroned on Steinburg Grebe Grebe stone and the remains of the old castle ruins north of Hofgeismar Schöneberg; the lower reaches of its tributary Lempe stands the castle Schoenburg in just east of the forge local park Gesundbrunnen ( Hofgeismar ). In addition, the source of the forge standing Wilhelmsthal Palace and about 10 km east of the chimney standing in Reinhardswald Sababurg are approximately 3 km west worth seeing.