Essential Air Service
Essential Air Service (EAS ) is a U.S. government program to connect smaller cities in the U.S. in the airline network that would otherwise not be served after the deregulation of the U.S. air transportation market by the airlines.
Goal is a minimal number of daily scheduled flights to guarantee to the cities and communities that would not normally be profitable for airlines.
The EAS program was created after the Deregulierungsakt of 1978, the freely questioned the U.S. their route networks and cost estimates.
The Department of Transportation of the United States subsidizes airlines for about 140 connections to cities and towns across the country that would otherwise be served by any airline. The subsidy level is based on the economic needs of the communities, the turnstile of destinations served communities and the number of flights, seats and type of machines used, which are necessary to achieve a turnstile.
According to an article in the New York Times to the EAS program, the average subsidy per passenger about $ 74 In some flight connections to economically disadvantaged communities, aid may be much higher, but the aid to many compounds are very low. The program is very popular in the subsidized communities and members of Congress expect an increase in subsidies to $ 114 million per year. The contrary, the White House wants to reduce subsidies to $ 50 million. For Stricter subsidy criteria used and the cost shares of the affected U.S. states and municipalities are increased.
- Department of Transportation (United States)
- Organization ( Aviation)
- Aviation (United States)
- Department of Transportation of the United States