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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Estarreja is a city ( Cidade ) and a circle ( concelho ) in Portugal with 7657 inhabitants (as at 30 June 2011).
Estarreja located 15 km north of the district capital of Aveiro. Not far from the west adjacent Ria de Aveiro, pull through narrow canals and rivers the place and the surrounding plains.
Findings show the presence of people in the municipal area since Neolithic times. Also Celtiberian, Romans and Arabs settled here. The first documented mention as Villa Antoan, today Antua, dates from the year 569 to his administrative territory belonged Beduído, Salreu, and the river Rio Antua. In the 11th century, here is the place Estarreja began to form.
1257 gave King Alfonso III. the communities Antua and Avanca at the Monastery of Arouca. In 1519, King Manuel I renewed the city rights for the Vila ( town ) Antua and their circle whose seat was Estarreja later. Since the mid-17th century, the county took over the name of Estarreja.
Beginning of the 19th century suffered the circle destruction and looting by French troops during the Napoleonic wars on the Iberian Peninsula.
With the opening of the railway line Linha do Norte in 1862 Estarreja experienced some recovery. So it was, according to Aveiro, the second largest salt port in the country. In particular, medium-sized food industry moved here per se, including the dairy plants, which were co-founded by Nobel laureate Egas Moniz later medicine in 1923 and the first milk powder factory in the country was before it was later acquired by Nestlé. Since the middle of the 20th century developed here also a focus of the chemical industry of the country. Since the end of the 20th century, then embarked on a re-orientation of the circle towards a sustainability and environmental protection. So the lagoon Ria de Aveiro was awarded the Eco Parque Empresarial an environmentally friendly business park created, and in 2003 with BIORIA a nature reserve on the edge set.
On 1 January 2005, the Vila ( town ) of Estarreja to Cidade (City) has been charged.
Estarreja is a stop on the railway line Linha do Norte, and is situated on the A1 and A29, each with their own runs.
Estarreja is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): ovary, Oliveira de Azeméis, Albergaria- a-Velha and Murtosa.
The following parishes ( freguesias ) lying in circle Estarreja:
- Beduído ( Estarreja )
2007 Estarreja hosted the European Championships in inline speed skating track courses. The Portuguese area of Ovar organizing this year the road courses.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Francisco Joaquim Bingre (1763-1856), writer and poet
- Maria Sebastião de Quadros Côrte Real (1853-1891), violinist
- António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz ( 1874 Avanca ), diplomat, author, Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1949
- José Bento ( born 1932 ), author of accounting literature, translator of Spanish literature
- David Lopes Ramos (1948-2011), journalist, trade unionist, Press Officer of Vasco Gonçalves
- Regina Bastos ( born 1960 ), lawyer and politician, since 2009 Europaabgeordnete.Alle their speeches in the EU parliament are online in the archives of the European Parliament available.
- António Costa Valente, director, film producer, founder and director of the 1997 film festival Avanca
- Frederico Tavares Emanuel Martins ( born 1979 ), football player