Ettiswil is a municipality in the constituency Willisau the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.
On 1 January 2006 Ettiswil has teamed up with the former church to the new church Kottwil Ettiswil.
- 3.1 municipal
- 4.1 traffic
- 6.1 Stimmenfestival Ettiswil
- 6.2 Museum Chlösterli
- 7.1 Tourism
- 8.1 Nature Chair of Buchenwald
The community lies in a plane between Sursee and Willisau on the southern edge of the Wauwilermoos at the entrance to the Rott Valley and Lucerne hinterland. The actual village is located between the Wigger and (Gross Wanger ) Red - the grown together with the village Ausserboden village northeast of it on the right bank of the Red The municipality also includes the hamlet of Kottwil and the hamlet Zuswil and Seewagen.
The municipality covers an area of 642 ha, of which 70.7 % and 11.4 % agriculturally be used as a settlement area. The large residual - ie 17.4 % - is covered with woods and forests.
Ettiswil bordered to the north Wauwil, on the northeast by Mauensee, to the southeast by large cheeks, on the southwest by Willisau, on the west by Alberswil and to the northwest by Schötz.
The population of Ettiswil grew in the first half of the 19th century very sharply ( from 1798 to 1850: 63.2 %). Between 1860 and 1900 was a strong decline ( from 1860 to 1900: -29.8 % ) because many people from the community migrated. Since 1920, the population is growing rapidly and will soon exceed the mark of 1,800 people. The merger with the neighboring community Kottwil has let the population grow by a further 400 residents.
The population speaks as an everyday language a highly Alemannic dialect. At the last census in 2000 gave 95.45 % German 2.13 % Albanian and Serbo-Croatian at 0.35% as the main language.
Religions - faiths
Previously, all the inhabitants were Roman Catholic. By leaving the church and immigration, the religious landscape has changed. Today ( as of 2000) are 87.20 % Roman Catholic, 3.80 % and 0.92 % Reformed Evangelical Orthodox Christians. There are also non-denominational 2:48 %, 2:07 % Muslim and 0.81 % Hindu. The Orthodox are Serbs and Montegriner, the Muslims and the Hindus Albanians come from Sri Lanka and are in origin Tamils.
Origin and nationality
End of 2004 of the 1'785 1'664 Swiss population and 121 ( = 6.8 %) foreigners. In 2000 owned 90.32 % (including dual citizens 91.07 %), the Swiss citizenship. In addition, are mainly immigrants from Serbia and Montenegro ( 6:17 %, mostly Albanians ), Germany, Austria and Sri Lanka.
In Switzerland, the citizen has as supreme sovereign of the possibility of its political will in elections, referendums and at the community meeting to express.
The next time active council of Ettiswil, which consists of five members, is elected by the voting citizens every four years. He has the task of guiding the destiny of the community on behalf of the citizen. Elected are:
- Peter Obi (CVP ), Mayor
- Bruno Bättig (FDP), mayor
- Katharina Jauch - Abegglen (CVP )
- Beat Bisang (CVP )
- Christa Marbach Lütolf (FDP)
At the last Grand Council elections in 2003, the CVP reached the absolute majority with 52.11 %. It was followed by the FDP with 29.35 % and 9.66 % with the SVP. The Green Alliance achieved a share of the vote from 4:45 %. All other parties received less than 2% of the vote.
Previously Ettiswil was a small farming village, whose inhabitants were occupied with fruit growing, cattle breeding and dairy farming. Today ( as of 2001) there are 37 farms and only 20.8 % of the working population is employed in agriculture. In small businesses and industry can further 29.8 % of the workers employment - while almost half ( 49.3 % ) work in service occupations. Many people are not working in the village itself In 2000, there were 563 commuters ( third in the economic centers Sursee, Willisau and Lucerne, and the large remainder is distributed in the region) were opposed, however, these are 212 commuters ( from the region).
Ettiswil village has no railway line. The nearest stations are Willisau (4 km southwest; along the line Wolhusen - Langenthal ) and Wauwil (4 km north-east; Olten - Lucerne on the line ). Nevertheless, the community is very well served by public transport. This by the bus Lucerne - Ruswil - Ettiswil, Ettiswil - Nebikon - Dagmersellen and Sursee - Ettiswil - Willisau. Ettiswil is therefore a bus junction of three bus routes. The nearest motorway connections to the A2, Sursee and Dagmersellen, are both 9 km away.
First mention is the place under the name Ettiswile in the year 1076, as a baron of Wolhusen (who later became the abbot Seliger ) a courtyard, the church set and various rights to his monastery Einsiedeln passes. On behalf of the Habsburg Later practice a number of different lords of the violence. After the defeat of the Habsburgs in the Battle of Sempach in 1407 from Lucerne has the supremacy. In 1571 destroyed a large village fire, along with other buildings also the rectory. The municipality belongs to 1798 to bailiwick Willisau. In the Helvetic Republic, it belonged to the district Willisau, from 1803 to the newly created Office Willisau. In Ettiswil rallied on March 1, 1845 two divisions of irregulars to march towards Lucerne.
Festival of Voices Ettiswil
Since 1974 Ettiswil home of music Ettiswil weeks, which were renamed Stimmenfestival Ettiswil 2004, because in the event very much ( chorus ) Singing is present. The event usually takes place in June.
In Wyher Castle since 1996, the museum exists Chlösterli. It houses the collection of Josef Zihlmann, which consists mainly of religious folk art from the canton of Lucerne.
From kindergarten to secondary schools for children to remain in their own village. In the secondary school the child ejected from the neighboring village Kottwil and Alberswil to them. In the school year 2003/2004 visited 39 Kindergärtler, 164 primary, 75 secondary and 46 high school students to teach.
Although Tourism plays no dominant role, but is more significant than in most communities of interest. Ettiswil offers visitors some great visit with children. The Wyher castle, the nature trail Buchenwald and the Festival of Voices (until 2004 Musikwochen Ettiswil ) are the three largest magnets.
Castle is Wyher the largest attraction of the community. The 1304 first mentioned castle changed hands frequently until it was bought in 1588 by the "Swiss King " Ludwig Pfyffer of Altishofen. It remained until 1837 owned the line of Pfyffer Wyher, a branch line of the Pfyffer Altishofen. Until 1964, when a fire destroyed the mansion, it was the property of the bourgeois family Hüsler. The preservation of the castle, however, exceeded the financial circumstances of the owner. After the fire of the Canton of Lucerne in 1965 acquired the plant. The exterior renovation of the castle was carried out 1981-1983, interior renovation and restoration of the moat 1992-1996.
Today's Baroque-style parish church Maria and Stefan was built in 1769-1771 by Jakob Purtschert according to the plans of Jacob Singer. It contains a remarkable interior.
The Blessed Sacrament Chapel was built on the instructions of the Council of Lucerne and inaugurated on August 6, 1452. The basic construction is the story of a host robbery. The chapel contains a series of paintings to this event, the host robbery of Ettiswil.
Since 1980, the entire village is under protection. Ettiswil is called its many important buildings due to ( somewhat exaggerated ) " Florence of the Lucerne landscape". Additional points of interest include:
- The rectory of the year 1780
- The ossuary ', which was consecrated in 1684
- St. Anne 's Chapel from the 16th century
- 1593 consecrated the chapel at the Ludwig Wyher castle.
Nature Chair of Buchenwald
The Ettiswil Prof. Josef Steiner initiated the nature teaching field Buchenwald, which was opened in 1971. In a former gravel pit, a pond landscape with many amphibious inhabitants was created.
- Gerda Steiner ( born 1967), installation artist