EU Intelligence Analysis Centre (EU INTCEN)
Intelligence Centre - INTCEN (before the March 2012 Joint Situation Centre, SitCen or JSC ) is a body of the European External Action Service of the European Union, and has next to the satellite center of the European Union and the Intelligence Division, intelligence tasks.
Of particular importance is the organ in the communication and networking of non -EU countries and the EU by means of the Bernese clubs. This plays a special role, in which the interests of Europe are coordinated with the INTCEN, so as to connect the secret of all European countries or to exchange loose. At least that INTCEN is created in the " dark " and can be based on any legal basis. Unlike other intelligence services, the Parliament, the European Parliament here, not on and has no right of inspection.
Also, national parliaments have no access rights, as the authority is counted as an unofficial EU institution. With the establishment of the European External Action Service under the Treaty of Lisbon, the Authority shall be deemed legitimate. The merger of INTCEN with two other units, the institution will be upgraded as a European intelligence service, although the function, analysis of combined data from outside sources, more a fusion center is similar.
The tasks of INTCEN are controversial in the EU, it is assumed that INTCEN can not even identify and explore information and is dependent on the cooperation of nation states. According to the Business Week from December 2010 active espionage is explicitly excluded.
The origins of the Authority are in the year 1999 with the common security and defense policy of the EU under the then leadership of Javier Solana an information point for the analysis of freely available information has been furnished. In addition, after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 an anti- terrorism group ( Counter Terrorism Group, CTG) was established. In the early days the INTCEN served mainly for the exchange of intelligence information between German, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Swedish and British services.
Since the cable stops Madrid in March 2004, the INTCEN also involved in EU internal security and counter-terrorism.
With the establishment of the European External Action Service ( eng. ' European External Action Service ) on 1 December 2010 and the INTCEN regarded as established. On December 17, the director of the Finnish Security Service ( Suojelupoliisi ), Ilkka Salmi was appointed head of the INTCEN. The originally envisaged for this role French diplomat Patrice Bergamini was appointed security and intelligence adviser to Lady Ashton.
With effect from March 2012, the designation of Joint Situation Centre (JSC, SitCen ) was changed to EU Intelligence Centre ( INTCEN ).
Intcen is divided into two departments
- A1 - Evaluation (Analysis ) under the direction of José Miguel Palacios Coronell (Spain )
- A2 - General and External Relations (General and External Relations ), led by József Molnár (Hungary )
Location and staff
INTCEN operates a location and Analysis Center at the Council of the European Union in Brussels and the Military Staff of the European Union. It consists of more than 110 employees and deals with analysis and evaluation of information involved. From this staff about 70 % employees of intelligence agencies are members. The rest are the EU's administrative staff.
Receives the data from the INTCEN freely accessible public sources such as press agencies and the press itself (Open Source Intelligence). Besides giving various services of the EU Member States, Switzerland and Norway information to the INTCEN on. The Federal Intelligence Service provides this only the most necessary to the " official use ", the lowest level secrecy obtained evidence. Nevertheless, the government according to officials the authority is useful for coordinating European information. EU INTCEN and EUMS are part of the Single Intelligence Analysis Capacity ( SIAC ), are brought together in the context of civilian (EU INTCEN ) and military intelligence service (EUMS ). In addition to these services, the EU 's border control agency Frontex in Warsaw and provide Europol in The Hague information to the INTCEN.
Due to the increasingly established in 2009 delegations of the European Union, the secret is now independent and enjoys the coverage of the EU embassies also own sources for the evaluation of material.
In addition to satellite images from the United States of America are the INTCEN data from different EU Member States available, including the German SAR-Lupe, the Italian COSMO- Skymed and the French systems Helios and Pleiades. Is also available on the Satellite Centre of the European Union the INTCEN available.
The INTCEN divided into three areas:
- Operations - 24/7-Krisen-Überwachung and information of the diplomats of the member countries.
- Analysis - merge and analyze the collected data.
- Communication and consular services - Operation of Coreu
From the 24-hour news monitoring the INTCEN produces a daily news summary and informs concerned personnel in the case of special events. According to official figures, the volume of about 200 strategic management reports and 50 special reports or briefings indicated. According to the Statewatch related journalists Matthias Monroy, this number had already doubled in early 2013.
The INTCEN created regionally or thematically focused analyzes, as well as order analysis on current issues, especially information and analysis are supplied in crisis management. In addition to these specific analyzes also regular reports:
- The INTCEN produces reports that are made available through the Political and Security Committee of the EU.
- The INTCEN organizes regular exchange of information between the services involved in the various nations, the common security and defense policy and initiates direct action under this policy.
- The INTCEN operates COREU (French Correspondance Européenne ~ European correspondence), operate with the European states to their non-public message traffic. In addition, the network for communication with EU missions outside Europe is operated.
In addition, staff of the INTCEN EU Official accompanied as security personnel when traveling.
According to information from EUObservers in April 2011 directly paid by the INTCEN people were sent on a mission in Libya. Officially the Director Ilkka Salmi gave as a reason the expertise of people with satellite phones and related topics. An information search was not the destination of the trips.
The INTCEN was criticized by Member States because of the poor quality of the reports. It is also evident that various countries with a history of cooperation in the intelligence sector to exchange information more efficiently informally, as on the INTCEN.
The European Parliament criticized in the past, to have no control over the SitCen. This representation is contradicted by INTCEN officials, as members of Parliament have been supervision of the European External Action Service.
INTCEN was, at that time under the name of Joint Situation Centre or reaction capacity, on 1 January 2003 by the Policy Planning and Early Warning Unit ( engl. Policy Planning Unit, PU ) used in support of PU with intelligence and security analyzes. On 1 December 2010 the reaction capacity of the common foreign and security policy and the EU's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy has been assigned.