Eugen Fink

Eugen Fink ( born December 11 1905 in Konstanz, † July 25, 1975 in Freiburg im Breisgau ) was a German philosopher.


Fink was born in 1905 as the son of an official. He spent his early school years with an uncle, who was a Catholic priest; Fink then visited a high school in Konstanz, where he already struck by his extraordinary memory. After his graduation in 1925, he studied philosophy, history, German studies and economics, first in Münster ( Westphalia ) and Berlin, then in Freiburg with Edmund Husserl.

1929 doctorate Fink in Husserl and Martin Heidegger with the dissertation visualization and image. Contributions to the Phenomenology of unreality. A year later Husserl became Professor Emeritus. Since his doctrine, phenomenology itself continued to enjoy great popularity, and therefore many students came from abroad in Freiburg, was commissioned Eugen Fink, Husserl thus to hold private seminars especially for these students. As Husserl was no longer welcome in 1933 under the Nazis, Fink decided not to another university career and remained as a private assistant to Husserl. After his death in 1938 helped Fink to bring Husserl estate for lions to safety. In exile in Louvain, he devoted himself entirely to this estate until 1940, all Germans were arrested in Belgium as alleged spies. Fink was interned in a French camp and remained there until the German Wehrmacht occupied France. After his liberation Fink was drafted into the Wehrmacht.

After the war, Eugen Fink habilitated at the University of Freiburg with the derived already from the 1932 paper the idea of ​​a transcendental theory of method. From 1948 he was Professor of Philosophy and Education. Remain closely associated with his name will always be the legendary Heraclitus seminar that Eugen Fink held together with Martin Heidegger in the winter semester 1966/67.

After increasing health problems Fink settled emeritus in 1971. He died on 25 July 1975 from a stroke.

His brother was the theologian and historian Karl August Fink.


Fink's central concern was to bring the original phenomenon in the world of language. Usually this is what the world means understood by the existence of the inner-worldly things encountered here:

The world then appears as a sort of giant container, as a thing in which all other things are included, and so is just wrong in their peculiarity. In contrast, Fink that the world is a little thing-like beings are not themselves, but the horizon, which is the condition for each appearance of a being. This ontological difference between world and inner-worldly beings called Fink " cosmological difference ". In further discussions Fink approaches the phenomenon of the world in a metaphorical language: On the Phenomenon of the world belongs essentially the "game" and the " dispute" between lichtendem "heaven" and sheltering - concealing "earth". However, these philosophical proximity to Heidegger unfolded considerations not want Fink understood as pure poetry, but as an attempt to adhere to the original phenomenon in the world that would not be achieved by a trained in the things of conceptual language. The semantic content of the speech of " dispute" between "heaven" and "earth" but is explicable in terms of the world as a necessary condition for the appearance of beings: on the one hand, the world is open and whose every appearance needs ( "heaven" ); on the other hand is also the world 's sheltering, holding in the beings themselves and how any resident to appear ( "Earth ").


  • The Essence of enthusiasm, Freiburg 1947
  • Oasis of happiness, Alber, Freiburg / Munich 1957
  • For ontological early history of time - space - movement, The Hague 1957
  • Everything and Nothing, The Hague 1959
  • Game as a world icon, Stuttgart ed 1960. Edition. Cathrin Nielsen and Hans Rainer Sepp. ( Includes oasis of happiness. ) Alber, Freiburg / Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3495463154
  • Nietzsche's philosophy, Stuttgart 1960
  • Metaphysics and death, Stuttgart 1969
  • Metaphysics of education in the understanding of the world of Plato and Aristotle, Frankfurt / Main 1970, ISBN 978-3-465-01634-2
  • Education and Teaching life, Freiburg 1970
  • Epilogues to the seal, Frankfurt / Main 1971, ISBN 978-3-465-00861-3
  • Treatise on the power of the people, Vittorio Klostermann, Frankfurt / Main 1974 First published in two parts in Philosophical Perspectives, Volume 1, pp. 70-175 and Volume 2, pp. 26-133, Frankfurt / Main 1969 and 1970
  • Being and man. The nature of ontological experience, Freiburg 1977
  • Fundamental questions of systematic pedagogy, Freiburg 1978
  • Basic phenomena of human existence, 2nd unchanged edition. Freiburg 1995, ISBN 978-3-495-47399-3
  • Fundamental questions of ancient philosophy, Würzburg 1985
  • World and finitude, Würzburg 1990
  • Heraclitus. Seminar with Martin Heidegger, Frankfurt / Main 1996 (2), ISBN 978-3-465-02878-9
  • Hegel, Frankfurt 2006 (2), ISBN 978-3-465-03519-0

Complete Edition

The Eugen Fink total output is applied textual criticism and includes all self- published work of Fink and for the most part still unpublished writings of his extensive estate. Each band brings an epilogue in which the published texts are situated evolutionarily than the critical apparatus.

Edited by: Stephan Grätzel, Cathrin Nielsen and Hans Rainer Sepp, composed by Annette Hilt and Franz- Anton Schwarz. The output is applied to 20 volumes from 2006 and appears in the publishing Karl Alber, Freiburg / Munich

Dept. I: Phenomenology and Philosophy

  • Vol 1: proximity and distance. Studies on phenomenology., 2011. ISBN 978-3-495-46301-7
  • Vol 2: draft texts on the phenomenology
  • Vol 3: Phenomenological workshop. Fink's collaboration with Edmund Husserl ( 4 partial volumes) Vol 1: The doctoral thesis and first assistant years in Husserl. , 2006. ISBN 978-3-495-46303-1
  • Vol 2: Bernauer time manuscripts, Cartesian Meditations and system of phenomenological philosophy., 2008. ISBN 978-3-495-46304-8
  • Vol 3: Grammata: to Husserl's Crisis fonts, Dorothy Ott seminars, interpretations of Kant and Hegel, notes for talks within the Freiburg phenomenology., 2011. ISBN 978-3-495-46305-5

Division II: ontology - cosmology - Anthropology

  • Vol 5: His and finiteness (2 sub- volumes)
  • Vol 6: His - Truth - World
  • Vol 7: Play as world icon., 2010. ISBN 978-3-495-46315-4
  • Vol 8: basic phenomena of human existence
  • Vol 9: Fashion. A seductive game
  • Vol 10: epilogues to the seal

Section III: Philosophical History of Ideas

  • Vol 11: basic questions of ancient philosophy
  • Vol 12: Descartes - Leibniz - Kant
  • Vol 13: Epilegomena to I. Kant's Critique of Pure Reason ( 3 partial volumes). , 2011. ISBN 978-3-495-46302-4
  • Vol 14: Hegel
  • Vol 15: Nietzsche

Division IV: Social Philosophy and Education

  • Vol 16: existence and co- existence
  • Vol 17: Society - State - Education ( 2 partial volumes)
  • Vol 18: Philosophy of Education (3 sub- volumes)
  • Vol 19: metaphysics of education. In the understanding of the world of Plato and Aristotle
  • Vol 20: History of Pedagogy of the modern era ( part 2 volumes)