Eugene Onegin (opera)

  • Larina, widow landowner (mezzo- soprano)
  • Tatjana, elder daughter (Soprano)
  • Olga, younger daughter (Alt )
  • Filipjewna, nurse (mezzo- soprano)
  • Lenski, Gutsnachbar and poet (tenor )
  • Eugene Onegin, Gutsnachbar (baritone )
  • Triquet, a Frenchman (Tenor)
  • Gremin ( bass)
  • Saretzki, Sekundant ( bass)
  • A captain ( bass)
  • Guillot, Onegin's valet ( silent role )
  • Chorus: farmers, berry pickers, invited guests

The opera Eugene Onegin was written around 1878 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. It is based on the eponymous novel in verse Eugene Onegin by Alexander Pushkin. Tchaikovsky chose for his opera subtitled Lyric scenes ( лирические сцены ).


Act I

1 image ( veranda at the country seat of the Larin ): The landowner widow Larina and the Nurse Filipjewna are busy with household chores and listen to the sounds of Larina's daughters, the dreamy Tatiana and fun-loving Olga. Larina remembers the dreams of their own youth and the disillusionment with the reality of a passionless marriage. A group of peasants singing comes back from the harvest and brings Larina Thanks a gift. Tatiana is stirred by the song of the peasants, but Olga makes fun of her sentimentality. Then appears Olga's fiancé, the sealing Gutsnachbar Lenski. He brings a guest, the newly arrived dandy -known neighbors Onegin.

2 image ( Tatyana's room): The encounter with the urbane city dwellers Onegin Tatyana has deeply impressed. Sleepless asks the distressed nurse Filipjewna to talk about their lives and of their first love. But instead of passion and love do this to only report their early forced marriage. Then Tatiana decides to Onegin to write a letter in which she confesses her love to him (Letter Scene: even if it should my downfall ). The next morning she Filipjewna asks her to send her son to the letter to Onegin.

3 image ( Off Site in the garden of the Larin estate ): Tatjana worry waits for Onegin. This eventually appear. He felt indeed honored by Tatyana's confidence, but gives her to understand that he is not an appropriate due to its unsteady nature of a marriage. Deeply disappointed looks Tatjana their dreams destroyed.

Second Act

1 image ( ballroom in home Larin ): It is celebrated Tatyana's name day. The guests will appreciate the variety in the otherwise monotonous Russian country life. Onegin dances with Tatiana and gets the gossip of the guests about him. Annoyed is Onegin Lensky 's fault that this has taken him to visit the festival and decides to make a little revenge Olga the yard. He asks them several times to dance, to which she received flirtatious. As Lenski makes her so remonstrate, it makes up only fun of him and punishes his jealousy by on dancing with Onegin. Before the situation escalates, the Frenchman Triquet is a little serenade in honor of Tatiana's for the best. As Onegin Lensky asks for the reason for his bad mood, this makes him serious allegations. The dispute eventually escalates: Lensky challenges Onegin to a duel.

Second image ( on a field at dawn ): Lensky waits with his second Saretzki to Onegin. Full of foreboding, he looks back on his life ( Aria: Where, oh where are you disappeared ). Late Onegin appears. As Saretzki asks him about his secondary Danten, provides Onegin before its not really befitting valet Guillot. Nevertheless Lenski urges the continuation of the duel. Again, remember the two of their old friendship, but they are incapable of reconciliation. Onegin meets Lenski fatal.

Act Three

1 image ( ballroom at the house of Prince Gremin in St. Petersburg): Years later, Onegin returns to restless travels abroad back to Russia. Also a ball in the house of Prince Gremin can not dispel his inner emptiness, restlessness and guilt. Since the elegant wife of Prince occurs. Onegin is astonished and impressed: it is Tatyana. The unsuspecting prince she introduces him and tells his luck with his much younger wife. In Onegin now inflames the passion for mature Tatjana.

2 image ( reception room in the house Gremin ): Tatjana appears with a letter of Onegin. Afraid she is confronted with the ghosts of the past. Onegin finally appears and begs her. Tatjana reminds him of how he has once rejected, and asks if it is not in reality is their new social position, which had aroused Onegin passion. Onegin is ashamed and assured that he meant it honestly, and reaffirms its passionate feelings. Also, Tatjana slips out the confession that she still loves him. Onegin urges her to flee with him, but she gives him to understand that she wants to remain faithful to her husband. All efforts Onegin, Tatiana retune, are in vain. She pulls away from him and leaves him desperate.


The first performance by students of the Moscow Conservatory under the direction of Nikolai Rubinstein was held on 17 Märzjul. / March 29 1879greg. held in the Moscow Maly Theatre. The first performance before a large audience then took place on 11 Januarjul. / January 23 1881greg. the Bolshoi Theatre and instead became a great success. The first performance at the St. Petersburg Mariinsky Theatre on 19 Oktoberjul. / October 31 1884greg. finally came to a resounding success, with opera as a standard work first on Russian and later also on the international stage. So wrote the Czech composer Antonín Dvořák few weeks later to Tchaikovsky: "It is a wonderful creation, full of warm feeling and poetry and skilfully in all its details, in short, this music is captivating and penetrates so deeply into our hearts, that they never again can forget ... God grant that you may yet give us many works like this! "