Eusebio Kino

Eusebio Francisco Kino, origin. Eusebius Franz Kühn, ( born August 10, 1645 Segno, today Taio (Trentino ); † March 15, 1711 in Magdalena de Kino ( Sonora, Mexico) ) was a Tyrolean Jesuit and missionary, cartographer and astronomer in Northwest Mexico worked in the southwestern United States.


In Europe

Cinema grew up in modest circumstances. Sent by his parents to a Jesuit school in Trento, he learned to read and write. He continued his education in a college of the Jesuits in Hall in Tirol, then in Ingolstadt. In Landsberg am Lech, he joined in 1665 when the Jesuits. He was particularly interested in mathematics and the natural sciences.

After completing his theological studies he suggested the offer of the Bavarian prince on a teaching position at the University of Ingolstadt to work as a missionary in the Orient. But was instead appointed to China to Mexico by accident. In order to study the Spanish language, he was sent to Spain in 1678. From there, he embarked in 1681 with a 18 companions to Veracruz in New Spain, which included the present-day United States and Mexico at the time parts.

In America

In an expedition which he undertook soon, he saw the cruel reality in the attempted colonization of Southern California that Hernán Cortés had tried earlier. Through an agreement between the Spanish crown and the Jesuits they were solely responsible for California. On this expedition he made ​​the important discovery that Baja California is not an island, as previously assumed, but a peninsula. In Lower California his missionary work among the Seris and Guaymas was entrusted.

Later began Loreto from his actual work. Within a short time under the direction of cinema several missions were built. The good understanding with the Indians and also those within the Indian tribes, who often had armed conflicts with each other, cinema was a big concern. With multiple strains he had contact and was also visited by tribal chiefs who opposed brought him confidence; He learned the language of the Pima Indians. Cinema strove to improve the economic and hygienic situation of the Indians and forced the cattle, he also gave them to work with iron teach. He made the first maps of the southeastern United States. The friendly attitude of indian cinema was not welcome in some of his friars. The Indians called him because of his habit blacks farmers.

List of important mission start-ups

  • La Misión de Nuestra Señora de los Dolores ( 1687 ) ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios (1699 ) ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de Nuestra Señora del Pilar y Santiago de Cocospera ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de San Ignacio de Cabórica ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de San Pedro y San Pablo de Tubutama ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de La Purisima Concepcion de Nuestra Senora de Caborca ​​( Sonora )
  • La Misión de San Diego del Pitiquí ( Pitiquito ) ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de San Cayetano de Tumacacori (Arizona )
  • Las Misiones del Alto Santa Cruz ( Smaller missions between Sonora and Arizona scattered )
  • Las visitas del Río Altar ( Sonora )
  • La Misión de San Xavier del Bac (Arizona )


  • Exposicià astronomica del cometa

Padre Kino today

According to him, the bay Bahía Kino is named in the Gulf of California, furthermore, the city Magdalena de Kino in Mexico; also schools, roads, etc. in Mexico and Arizona bear his name.

In his home town, which is now in Italy, one has become aware until the 20th century the size of cinema. He is immortalized among those hundreds of great American personalities to whom a statue was dedicated in the Hall of Fame in the Capitol. Also, the terms " first rancher " and " First Cowboy" to stress its importance for the history of the United States. In Mexico, he is revered almost as a saint; his admirers are endeavoring to beatification.