Rash ( gr exantheo, " I flourish ") is an acute rash. It often occurs in infectious systemic diseases such as measles, rubella, chicken pox, scarlet fever, typhoid fever, hand-foot -mouth disease, etc.. A rash may be an allergic reaction, the result of an adverse drug ( drug eruption ) or symptom. In addition, a rash is a major symptom of syphilis in the secondary stage and a symptom of Still's disease, a juvenile form of rheumatoid arthritis. Also, a vitamin B2 deficiency lead to a rash.
History of Medicine
A historical classification of diseases with rash, the va occur in childhood, consisted of a numbering recognized as delineated teething and developed until around 1910 with the definition of the sixth disease. It is now rarely for the fifth ( fifth disease ) and sixth disease ( three- day fever ) are common.
First disease: Measles
Measles were distinguished from other diseases from about the 10th century, the distinction between typhoid and scarlet fever did not begin until the 15th century. A first detailed description was in 1641 by Dönert.
Second Disease: Scarlet
Scarlet fever was first distinguished from measles in 1553.
Third disease: Rubella
Rubella were first recognized as a distinct disease in the Medical Congress in 1881.
Fourth disease: Filatows or Dukes disease
Disease was described by Filatov in 1885 and Duke in 1900. Today this disease is no longer viewed as a separate entity, but it is believed that it was in the described process forms either atypical running scarlet, or rubella infections, or to the staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome.
Fifth disease: Fifth disease
This disease was called off around 1905 as an independent disease so, it takes its name fifth disease.
Sixth disease: three- day fever
Was described in 1910 by Zahorsky, is now called the three- day fever.