Birch (Betula ) in autumn
The book -like ( fagales ) are an order of flowering plant ( Magnoliopsida ).
It contains, with few exceptions woody plants such as trees and shrubs. Ectomycorrhizal symbioses are almost always present. The roots usually have a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with the (N -fixing ) Frankia. The simple leaves with toothed margin. Stipules are often present.
The plants are mostly monoecious getrenntgeschlechtig ( monoecious ), rarely dioecious. The flowers are borne in aged men or most kitten -like inflorescences. Pollination is by wind, still bloom are available. The usually dry fruits are often nuts or winged nutlets.
The book -like are within the euro Siden I, the sister group of the Cucurbitales. They include the following families:
- Birch family ( Betulaceae )
- Kasuarinengewächse ( Casuarinaceae )
- Beech family ( Fagaceae )
- Walnut Family ( Juglandaceae ) including Rhoiptelea
- Myrtle family ( Myricaceae )
- Note Fagaceae ( Nothofagaceae )
- Description of the organization in relation to APWebsite (English )