Fagus engleriana

Engler Beech (Fagus engleriana )

Engler Beech (Fagus engleriana ) is a species of the genus of beech (Fagus ) in the beech family ( Fagaceae ). Its distribution area is located in southern and western China.


Engler Beech grows as a deciduous tree that can reach heights of growth of up to 25 meters.

The leaves are arranged opposite one another on the branches. The hairless petiole is 0.5 to 1.5 inches long. The simple leaf blade is ovate with a length of 5 to 11 centimeters, elliptic - ovate or rarely oblong- ovate with a broad wedge -shaped to rounded Spreitenbasis and a pointed tip. It is hairless except on the blue -green colored leaf underside silky hairy leaf veins. From the main nerve to go on each side from nine to 14 lateral nerves, which are bent upwards. The leaf margin is bulged.

Engler Beech is monoecious - getrenntgeschlechtig ( monoecious ). The flowering period extends from April to May

The 1.5 to 1.8 centimeters long fruit cups ( cupulae ) are at a 2-7 cm long stem. The slightly protruding beechnuts have three small wings at the top. The beech nuts ripen from August to October.

Distribution and location

The natural range of Engler's book lies in south and west China. It includes doing Anhui, northern Guangxi, southern Guizhou, Henan, northwestern Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, eastern Sichuan, Yunnan and Zhejiang.

They are found at altitudes from 1500 to 2500 meters. They settled there, mainly deciduous and mixed forests growing on the mountain slopes.


Fagus engleriana in 1900 by Karl Otto of Seemen in Ludwig Diels: firstdescribed Botanical yearbooks for systematics, plant history and geography of plants, 29 (2 ), pp. 285-28. A synonym for Fagus engleriana Seemen is Fagus sylvatica var chinensis Franchet.


  • Wu Zhengyi, Peter H. Raven & Hong Deyuan (ed.): Cycadaceae through Fagaceae. Fagaceae. In: Flora of China. Volume 4, Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing and St. Louis in 1999, ISBN 9780915279708, Fagus engleriana, p 315 (Fagus engleriana - Online, accessed 12 April 2011 ).