Fair and unfair play

Fairness as a concept goes back to the English word "fair" ( " decent ", " neat "). Fairness expresses a ( non-statutory ) notion of individual justice. Fairness can be equated with the Germans accepted justice and reasonableness or decency.


Fairness means decent behavior and a just and honest attitude towards other people. In games and sports it means to abide by the rules and to live a decent, fair game. Rules of fairness rely on a consensus among equal human beings.


A Theory of Justice as Fairness John Rawls presented. The idea received considerable attention outside the philosophical discussion.


In the psychological assessment provides a fairness criterion tests Represents the test of Trustees ( the Federation of German psychologists ' associations) defines the term unfairness with the extent of systematic discrimination against certain subjects because of their ethical, socio-cultural or gender group membership.

Computer science

In computer science, the term fairness has application in the scheduling. The process scheduler of an operating system is to distribute the available computing time of the CPUs in a fair way to prepare the computational processes. A distinction is weak, strong and universally strong fairness.

In computer networks, the fairness term refers to the equal rights and equal access for all users of a network to the available network resources.


In mathematics, the term " fair" is a game of chance in which the expected gain is 0. This means that you would expect neither a profit nor a loss, so the expected payoff is equal to the application. The expected profit calculated one by one for each possible outcome multiplied by the gain or loss with the probability of the result, and then all added together.


In the substantive law of the state of expression of what should be considered fair depends, depend on which legal relationship between the parties is, in particular, whether they received it the binding of free decision and announce again or to terminate legally in other ways. If this is not the case, it is a legal relationship under public law, or by a civil legal relationship. In civil law conditions the standards of fairness depend on whether the participants are consumers or entrepreneurs. Of great importance to fairness is next to that innocent bystanders, the general public or future generations are not burdened with disadvantages with which the parties must deal itself (prohibition of unethical externalization ). Here are in legal relationships that are directed towards the achievement of a common purpose (coordination relationships, the main event: social contracts ) different standards than in legal relations of power exchange (transaction conditions, the main event: purchase agreements ), others in legal relationships in which one party to the instructions of the other is subordinate ( Subordinationsverhältnisse, main event: employment contracts of workers and bogus self ).

In the process right has been taken from the Anglo-Saxon as a special form of the rule of law, the principle of a fair trial (English fair trial).


Great importance is the fairness ( fair play ) in sports. Fairness presented within the context of sporting contests in an effort of the athletes to respect the rules consistently and consciously ( even under difficult conditions ), and the opponent as a partner to respect ( Fair Play idea ).