Faiz Ahmad Faiz

Faiz Ahmed Faiz ( Faiz Ahmad Faiz also; born February 13, 1911 in Sialkot, British India, † November 20, 1984 in Lahaur, Pakistan ) was an Urdu poet. His poetry is characterized by its relation to current social and political issues.

Faiz earned master's degrees in English and Arabic literature and turned in the 1930s, the writers' movement in Punjab. He published the monthly magazine Mahanama (1938-1942) and worked as a college lecturer in Amritsar and Lahaur. From 1942 to 1947 he made ​​army service from the British Indian Army. After the partition of India, he decided to live in Pakistan. He was editor of several journals, for example, the monthly magazine Adabe - Latif (1947-1958), and became the first chief editor of the Pakistan Times.

In 1951, Faiz spent four years in prison because he was convicted the middle of 1951 in connection with an unsuccessful conspiracy against Liaquat Ali Khan. During this time, his two works Dast -e- Saba (1953) and Zindanama (1956 ), which made ​​him known as a poet emerged. Faiz was a convinced communist, and used his position at the left-leaning Pakistan Times to spread communist ideas in Pakistan. Faiz was a member of the World Peace Council and in 1959 he became secretary of the Pakistan Arts Council and worked in this cultural function until 1962. During the same year he became the first Asian author with the Lenin Peace Prize.

After the military coup of Zia -ul- Haq, Faiz went into exile in Beirut in 1979 and worked for the literary magazine Lotus. In 1982, he returned to Pakistan.

Works (selection)

  • Naqsh -e- Faryadi (1941 )
  • Dast -e- Saba ( poems, 1953)
  • Zindanama ( poems, 1956)
  • Mizan ( essays, 1965)
  • Dast Tah -e -Sang (1965 )
  • Sar -e- Wadi -e- Seena (1971 )
  • Mata -e- o lauh qalam ( essays, 1973)
  • Council Di Council ( poems, Panjabi, 1975)
  • Sham -e- Shehr -e- Yaran (1979 )
  • Merey Dil Merey Musafar (1981 )
  • Nuskha - Hai - Wafa (1984 )