Farim

Province

Farim is a city in northern Guinea -Bissau. It lies on the north bank of the Rio Cacheu, 220 km upstream from Cacheu. The population is 6405 people (as of 2008).

History

Farim was founded about 1641 by the Mayor of Cacheu. He convinced settlers and adventurers of Portuguese descent, called Lançados, from about 70 km southeast lying, big city Geba to move to a place where they were less vulnerable to attack wild African tribes. The city name comes from the title Farim that was worn by the local leaders of the Mandinka. The Madinkas and Soninkes himself called the city Tubabodaga ( "Village of the White "). The city was well suited as a port city, as the river itself was navigable throughout the year, especially for sailing ships from Cacheu.

In anticipation of an impending attack by the south-west to town Canico Farim was appointed by a decision of November 10, 1696 a garrison town. In general, it remained in the area around Farim but peaceful, and the defenses fell into disrepair over time. Served until 1897-1902 Farim again as a base for military operations against Oio. Farim 1910 began to grow stronger, it settled more than 20 Handelsfimen there on. As a consequence Farim received city rights in 1918.

1925 finally Farim had developed into a trade center that attracted people from all over the world. In particular, Lebanese and Syrian traders settled down to pursue the trade with peanuts and wood. Due to the independence struggles of the 60s and 70s of the twentieth century, the local economy was severely affected. On November 1, 1965 committed members of the Marxist underground movement PAIGC a massacre that killed 20 people and over 70 were injured.

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