Faris ad-Din Aktai
Faris ad-Din al - Aktay Dschamdar (Arabic: فارس الدين أقطاى الجمدار, DMG Faris ad -Din al - Aqtai Ǧamdārī; † January 1254 in Cairo ) was at the end of the Ayyubid and early Mamlukenherrschaft in Egypt an influential Emir of Bahri Regiment.
At the court of Sultan Salih Ayyub as- Aktay took, among others, the post of " keeper of the wardrobe " was what explains his nickname al - Dschamdār. During the Crusade of King Louis IX. to Egypt ( Sixth Crusade ) Aktay was the first Emir of the Mamluk Bahriyya Regiment. After the death of the Sultan in November 1249 he was sent by the Sultana malicious crowd ad - Durr after Hisn Keyfa to escort from there the sultan's son al - Mu'azzam Turan Shah to Egypt. Then, in the spring of 1250, he distinguished himself together with Baibars made in the successful defense of al - Mansura. He led for the first time his own regiment, the Dschamdāriyya - Mamluk into the field. On May 2, 1250 Aktay was the mastermind in the plot against Sultan Turan Shah, whom he personally beheaded in the Nile. Moreover, he cut the Sultan 's heart out with the intention of it. Against the imprisoned Louis IX to sell.
Although Aktay was the commander of the battle strong Bahri regiment, he could not prevail in the power struggle for the throne against Sultan Aybak. Aybak was also a Mamluk, but was not part of the Bahri regiment. He married the Sultana malicious crowd ad - Durr and thus took possession of domination. Aktay and Baybars opposed him immediately against Aybaks authority, the population of Cairo and operated successfully terrorized the enthronement of Ayyubidenprinzen al - Ashraf Musa to Co -Sultan. On February 2, 1251 Aktay struck in the Battle of al - Kura an invasion attempt by the Ayyubid Sultan of Syria, an-Nasir Yusuf, back to what the Bahri regiment brought additional prestige. A subsequent attempt Aktays to Palestine led to the conquest of Gaza. However, his march was stopped in a skirmish near Nablus by an-Nasir Yusuf, after which he retired to Egypt.
After 1253 an uprising of the Bedouin in the Nile Delta bloodily, Aktay for Aybak became finally a serious competitor for power in Egypt. In January 1254 both agreed a common conversation in the Cairo Citadel to address their differences. As Aktay arrived, however, he was surrounded and slain by the Leibmamluken the Sultan, under the leadership of the Emir Qutuz. Sultan Aybak led it through a purge of the Bahri Mamluks, who were able to escape but several of them. Baybars fled to Syria, for example, into exile.