Federal capital

As the capital is called the capital of a state.


The (federal) capital of the Federal Republic of Germany since completion of German unification on 3 October 1990 in Berlin. Due to the Parliament's decision of 20 June 1991 Berlin was also the seat of parliament and government in 1999. Before that Bonn was since the founding of the Federal Republic and seat of government (1949-1990) provisional federal capital. Berlin (East), meanwhile, was the capital of the German Democratic Republic; in the official East German language was East Berlin " Berlin, capital of the GDR." The derived synonym "capital " is defined as a relic of the GDR language use in the media language of the united Germany received, although the precise synonym " the capital " from the time of the Bonn Republic is still available. Berlin is the relocation decision headquarters of the Federal President of the German Parliament, the Bundesrat, many federal ministries and some other federal agencies (see list of German federal authorities ).

See also: List of the German capitals

As part of the 2006 federal reform, the question of the federal capital was regulated in the Basic Law for the first time and thus status of Berlin as the federal capital in the Basic Law anchored (Art. 22 para 1 of the Basic Law ).

In addition to Berlin as the federal capital, there are the capitals of the countries, for example, the country's main cities of Hanover in Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein Kiel and Munich in Bavaria. Moreover, there is in North Rhine- Westphalia as a special feature, the federal city of Bonn, the Federal President, the Federal Chancellor and the Federal Ministries continue to maintain service seats.