Fennoscandia, also Fennoscandia or sign Fennoskandischer called ( Fenno for Finland), is a name for the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula.

The Finnish geologist William Ramsay introduced the term in 1898 ( according to other sources until 1900) and founded the demarcation of the area with its geological and geographical unit. This refers to the peninsula, through North and Baltic Sea, and by the line " Gulf of Finland - White Sea Lake Ladoga - - Onega " is separated from the rest of mainland Europe. As an alternative to this historically, common in Scandinavia term in modern times often Baltic shield is used.