Ferdinand, Count of Flanders
Ferdinand of Portugal ( port: Fernando, Old French: Ferrand, † 1233 ), a Count of Flanders and Hainaut was from 1212 as the husband of Countess Johanna. He was a younger son of King Sancho I of Portugal.
Ferrand was married on January 1, 1212 after switching his aunt Matilda, the widow of Count Philip of Flanders, with the Countess Johanna, who was as a ward of King Philip II of France at the royal court in Paris. On the journey to Flanders, the pair but was captured by the Crown Prince Ludwig, who thus wanted to force the surrender of the heritage of his mother, Isabella of Hainault, an aunt Joan. This heritage included the county of Artois but was once owned by Johanna's father Count Baldwin IX. forcibly retained after Isabella's death ( 1190 ).
After Johanna Ferrand and had ceded the towns of Aire -sur -la -Lys and Saint- Omer to the crown prince, they were released. However Ferrand changed by these events in an oppositional stance towards the crown. When King Philip summoned his vassals in 1213 to an invasion of England in Boulogne Ferrand refused the military service. After the king had to cancel the invasion, he turned to the army towards Flanders, that he quickly threw; Ferrand was able to hold only in Walcheren. Together with fellow renegade Count Rainald I of Dammartin he fled in the fall of 1213 to England, where they 1214 King John paid homage in January and thus to the king of France were guilty of felony. A little later Ferrand landed with an army, supported by English knights under William Longespée to lead again on the coast of Flanders and united there with an army of Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV at the decisive blow against the King of France. The allies but were defeated at the Battle of Bouvines on July 27, 1214 Ferrand was wounded and fell into the captivity of King Philip. More than twelve years took his imprisonment in the castle of the Louvre, during this time reigned Johanna in Flanders and Hainaut alone.
Only after the death of King Louis VIII Ferrand from the ruling queen mother Blanche of Castile was released in January 1227. He had to pay for a ransom of 25,000 livres and pass the towns of Douai and Lille to the Crown. From then on, he was loyal to the crown and supported the regent in the fight against the rebellious barons led by Peter Mauclerc. He died 1233 and was buried in the Cistercian Abbey of Marquette.
From his marriage with Countess Johanna he had a daughter born in 1231, Mary, who died in 1235 but.
- Graf ( Flanders)
- Graf ( Hainaut )
- Prince (Portugal )
- House of Burgundy (Portugal )
- Born in the 12th or 13th century
- Died in 1233