Ferrari 400

Ferrari 400

The Ferrari 400 and Ferrari 412 2 2 seater coupe of the Italian sports car manufacturer Ferrari.

The models were equipped with front-mounted twelve-cylinder engine and rear-wheel drive and were either shipped with five-speed manual or three-speed automatic transmission. The design of the car corresponded largely to that of the predecessor Ferrari 365 GT4 2 2.

The 400 GT, known from 1979 400i, 1976 was presented at the Paris Motor Show. The outwardly against the Ferrari 400 subtly modified standard 412 debuted at the Geneva Motor Show 1985. Production ended in 1989.

400 GT ( 1976-1979 )

The technical basis of the Ferrari 400 GT was essentially equal to that of the Ferrari 365 GT4 2 2, but the 400 had a 4.8 -liter engine ( 4823 cc ). The 400GT was published in October 1976 at the Paris Salon. Outwardly, he differed from the 365 GT4 2 2 only by a few characteristics: The taillights were now consist of two units per side instead of three taillights of its predecessor. Under the front fender was on the 400, a small spoiler lip. The wheels were attached with five studs instead with central locking. The most important piece of news concerned the Transmission: The 400 GT was the first Ferrari in an automatic version was officially available. The three-speed Turbo Hydra-Matic was from General Motors and was called, appropriately, GM 400 In the literature there are some sites, after which the 400 was built exclusively as an automatic vehicle. However, this is not true. It gave it both with 5 -speed manual transmission as well as with 3- speed automatic. Most were built with automatic transmission. Of a total of more than 500 copies of the 400 GT ( left-and right-hand drive together) had 147 pieces, the 5- speed manual transmission, which was supplied from Germany by ZF; the remaining 355 copies were automatic versions. The 400 GT was the last front-engined twelve-cylinder Ferrari, which was equipped with carburetors.

400i ( 1979-1985 )

In the fall of 1979, out of the 400 GT 400i with the Bosch K -Jetronic instead of the six Weber carbs and 228 kW (310 hp).

In autumn 1982, the 400i experienced a slight refresh, which primarily something more modern cockpit design of the 412 anticipated, which came to market in 1985. Furthermore, the camshaft profile was changed and modified the exhaust manifold, whereby the power to 232 kW ( 315 hp ) increased. Furthermore, the self-leveling on the rear axle has been redesigned.

From 400i 883 copies with automatic transmission and 422 made ​​with five-speed gearbox.

412 (1985-1989)

About twelve years after the start of the 365 GT4 2 2 Ferrari presented the fourth generation of the series, the 412, although he still looked very similar to the 365 GT4 2 2 from 1972, but had been revised in many ways. With the conversion, the series received a larger V12 engine with 4.9 L ( 4943 cc ) and an output of 250 kW ( 340 hp). For the first time at Ferrari and an anti -lock braking system was offered in the 412. He was the first Italian car with ABS as standard.

The Pininfarina body was, as has already been changed in the transition from the 365 GT4 2 2 on the 400 GT only in details - the 412 featuring a higher trunk, front indicator in plain white, bumpers in body color, modified aluminum wheels and fog lamps, the were no longer covered by the grid of the grille. Technical innovations were the use of a Bosch-K/KE-Jetronic, an electronic ignition, a new exhaust system and a larger twin-disc clutch. Inside, there were changes in attachment points for the safety belts, electric seat adjustment and revised headrests.

As previously could choose between manual and automatic, but in the meantime an automatic was become the standard in high-end coupes and the gearbox optional. The production of the Ferrari 412 ran from 1985 to 1989. During this period, 576 units were built.

The Ferrari 400 on the used car market

Today Pininfarina is probably the cheapest Ferrari 400 on the used car market. Especially the restrained appearance limits the attractiveness of a still. Well maintained Ferrari 400 costs less than half of the next expensive model. The used car prices for a Ferrari 400i 2010 are between 20,000 and 30,000 euros.

Conversions and impressions

The Ferrari 400/412 was the basis for a number of different conversions that have been consistently developed by independent producers and remained parts as individual pieces, but sometimes also found a small series distribution. Many manufacturers offered convertible conversions; next to other body versions were possible. The modified models include:

  • Michelotti Meera,
  • Felber Croisette:
  • Le Marquis Sedan:
  • Mardikian Ferrari 400:
  • Bitter SC


  • Automobile review, catalog number 1987 ( data and price)
  • Godfrey Eaton: The Complete Ferrari. Cadogan Books, London, 1985, ISBN 0-947754-10-5, pp. 206-209, 234 f, 366 f
  • Peter Vann, Dirk Maxeiner: The most beautiful cars in the world. Stuttgart ( Motorbuchverlag ) 1984; ISBN 3-87943-964-8. Picture and brief discussion of the Mardikian Ferrari 400 on page 212 ff