Ferrari Mondial is the name for various vehicle models of the car manufacturer Ferrari.
The body of the Mondial came from Pininfarina. The side air intakes were the model for the extremely broad flanks of the later Testarossa.
- 2.1 Development History of the Ferrari Mondial t
Ferrari Mondial 8 (1980 )
Evolution of the Ferrari Mondial 8
Seven years after the 308 GT4 was started with the Bertone body, now, designed by Pininfarina Ferrari Mondial 8 was re- inspired to the traditionalists, who had never accepted the Bertone and thought Ferrari bodies should be designed only by Pininfarina.
Structurally based Mondial 8 on the two-seater 308 GTB, but was a 2 2- seater like the 308 GT4, but with more space. The name Mondial (World) was a throwback to a Ferrari racing cars of the '50s. In order to create more space in the interior, the wheelbase has been extended by ten inches, furthermore, the car was wider than its predecessor.
However, there were two main problems: one related to the somewhat unfavorable proportions of the Mondial ( a journalist stated that the Mondial was " too long for its width ... "); the other was that this was Ferrari's first low-emission, fuel-injected V8. With only 157 kW ( 214 hp) but this was also one of the weakest Ferraris, though he was still a fast car compared to most other brands, but he looked beyond the 200 km / h quite hard. Surprisingly, he did not sell better than the previous 308 GT4. The Mondial benefited just like its sister models, the 308 GTB and 308 GTS from the introduction of four-valve technology in 1982 and the installation of a more powerful engine in 1985. Starting from 1989, the engine was mounted longitudinally and the model was now called Mondial t. In the first two years of production, 703 copies were made .
In lined with leather interior of the Mondial you will find so traditional features, such as the large analogue circular dials and the long, chrome gear stick in the open as well chrome backdrop.
The hood sits between the two " stringers " of the roof, seen in profile, the mid-engine layout of the Ferrari successfully hide.
Mondial means the world and for the world market got the Mondial an engine with fuel injection that met the regulations concerning the pollution in each country really. In addition to the injection of the V8 had four camshafts and performed in the basic version 157 kW ( 214 hp).
Ferrari Mondial Quattrovalvole
This version was built from 1982 ( Cabriolet 1984) to 1985 and replaced the Mondial 8 The engine was built with a four-valve technology, as the name Quattrovalvole suggesting, and provided 176 kW (240 hp) at an engine speed of 6400/min. Also, the convertible was designed as the coupe as a 2 2- seater. From 1144 Mondial Quattrovalvole closed and 629 open cars were built.
Ferrari Mondial 3.2
As the 308 GTB has been upgraded to the 328 GTB, the Mondial moved to and got a bigger engine of 3.2 liters, which delivered at 7,000 rpm, a power of 198 kW ( 270 hp). These models were built from 1985 to 1989 as a coupe and as a convertible.
The Ferrari Mondial t was from the 1989 model year closed both available as well as a convertible. The mid-engine the 2 2- seater was mounted longitudinally, the transmission sat sideways behind the differential.
Evolution of the Ferrari Mondial t
The new 348 tb was in every respect - engine, chassis and body - a really new car, for the related 2 2- seater Mondial 3.4 t met this only in part, but the changes still went much further than is generally known. The "t" stands for transverse and has the now longitudinally instead of transversely mounted engine. Basically, the Mondial t is 3.4 so that the first of a new generation of modern V8 Ferraris. All essential components of the new 348 were used even before its appearance in it. So were at the Mondial t practically new engine and brand new transmission, as in 348, mounted in a solid subframe which also carried the completely new suspension. As a result, the area between B- and C-pillars was inserted so that the side window changed longer and the side air intakes. This makes the "T" viewed from the side, optically clear stretched. The engine itself underwent profound changes, the semi- mechanical and high- hostile K -Jetronic had ( with separate distributor ignition) of modern Motronic 2.5 soft in duplicate. In order for the 3.4 liter per cylinder bank got a separate injection system, so the control unit, plenum, throttle, air flow meter, distributor-less ignition system, catalytic converter, oxygen sensor, and even the fuel pump in duplicate. Between the air collectors of the two cylinder banks of a connection has been opened depending on engine speed and load to further optimize the torque. The exhaust system was now right and left identical. He is ( with the exception of the Ferrari F40 ) basically the first clean V8 sports engine of Ferrari with fuel injection and finally makes the sensitive power losses of the exhaust cleaned engines compared to the legendary carburetor engines undone. In fact, this manifests itself by the 3000 revolutions enormously wide range between maximum torque and maximum power. When coupling a 2 -disc version was installed. A limited slip differential was standard. For an additional charge there was the 5 -speed transmission, an automatic clutch actuation Valeo, which worked surprisingly well. The driver turned off just yet.
On the body further the fragile door handles were (from the Alfa Spider ) is replaced by more robust structures that were also painted in body color. The interior lost some of its extravagance, and was now deliberately simple and sporty held. The well-shaped sports seats were somewhat narrow. The air conditioning was completely thermostatically controlled. Because of the front and rear of different widths 16 -inch wheels and tires, the spare wheel fell off and was finally replaced by a breakdown spray in the tool box. The pop-up headlights were lighting units with DE- lenses. The bumpers were significantly renovated. The new oval - tube frame of the Mondial with the long wheelbase was revised to allow the new positioning of the engine and transmission. The car was equipped with power steering and ABS, also could be selected from driver's seat between three different settings of the Bilstein coil over shock absorbers. In this, however, if necessary, automatically readjusts by electronically evaluating the acceleration and yaw sensors regardless of the manual settings depending on driving conditions.
The technical changes were so far weightier than the slightly modified body suggested. The V8 engine had been enlarged and developed, besides, he was now also less polluting. As with the 348 tb the engine was mounted longitudinally and thus lower than in the predecessor. The suspension was new. The transmission was behind the final drive. Since the Mondial was a little heavier than the 348 tb and also had to carry up to four people, the gear ratio was selected to be shorter. This was in the drive motor and, apart from the exhaust system, the only difference. Whether open or closed, the Mondial was only partly a four-seater in any case. The rear legroom is limited.