Fiat 127 (1971-1977)
The Fiat 127 is a supermini car produced by the Italian car manufacturer Fiat, which was from early 1971 to early 1987 (the last only in Argentina to 1997 ) produced. The design comes from Pio Manzù.
End of March 1971 Fiat launched the successor to the Fiat 850 with a transverse engine and front wheel drive the modern 127, a hatchback with a separate trunk. One year after the start of production after the Renault 5 was put on the market, a variant hatchback was offered. The 127 was in 1972 voted " Car of the Year " and achieved high sales figures. The engine from the 850 Sport series with 903 cc and 34.5 kW ( 47 hp ) drove him over a fully synchronized four-speed transmission with stick shift. In Germany the power of this engine was only 33 kW (45 hp). The 127 had a self-supporting body, a front MacPherson strut and rear axle, the then customary at Fiat's front-wheel drive models to suspension damper struts, trapezoidal wishbones and a transverse leaf spring. In 1973 the 127 Special with expanded features.
In autumn 1977 the 127 received a major facelift with facelift, a revised interior and a model Graduation in L, C and CL, driven from the previous 45 hp engine it also in a normal petrol version with 29 kW was (40 PS) in Germany or, in the case of CL from a new, 37 kW ( 50 hp) 1049 cc four-cylinder. All versions now had a large tailgate, the basic model 900L was available as a two-door first. In 1978, the 127 Sport with 51 kW (70 hp) carburetor version of the 1049 cc engine, dual carburetors, there was only the upgraded special model of the tuner Hörmann, and the transporter version Fiorino with a higher roof. From 1980 the model range was divided into the remarks Special, Super and sports.
From 1981 127 D and 127 Panorama from Brazil were sold been delivered diesel and estate versions of the local Fiat 147 in Italy under the name.
In early 1982, the 127 was again subjected to a facelift. At the same time the 127 sports a 1301 cc engine with 55 kW received (75 hp).
After the introduction of the successor United Nations in March 1983, the 127 remained in some European markets in a single version, available as a saloon in the equipment super, by the beginning of 1987 offer. Overall, about 4.5 million units were sold by 127.
In 2005, about 300 copies of the 127 were officially registered in Germany yet, with this number refers to the model years 1971 to 1987.
Fiat 127 Moretti Midi Maxi ( 1978-1982 )
Fiat 127 (1982-1987)
Fiat 127 Panorama (1982-1987)
The Fiat 127 in the world
From autumn 1976, the Fiat 127 with modified front and rear fascias and the 1049- cc engine was produced as a Fiat 147 in Brazil. Optical unchanged, but with other emblems, he was also made by the Polish vehicle manufacturer FSO Polski Fiat 127p until 1987 as in Poland in the Eastern European market and sold.
In early 1978 was followed by a later Fiat Fiorino van with similar box body called 127 Moretti Midi Maxi. To keep up with the models, the main competitors Chevrolet Chevette, Fiat brought Brazil ( also 1978) in addition to the 127 rally with 45 kW (61 hp) 1.3 -liter four- cylinder. 1979 was the 127 with a new 1.3-liter alcohol engine 44 kW (60 hp), the world's first car that could be used with alcohol.
In 1980, the 147 a facelift and was in the versions L, Gl, GLS and available Rally (1050 cc or 1.3 liter for gasoline or alcohol use or 1.3-liter diesel engine). At the same time a panoramic appeared called wagon version.
In 1983, the better -equipped and provided with a revised front end variant Spazio into the program, to the Oggi, a two-door notchback version. Launched in August 1984 in Brazil Fiat Uno broke the 147- variants in the sequence from step by step. 1986 ended the production of the final versions after a total of 1,169,312 copies.
In Argentina 1981 Sevel Argentina began with the manufacture of its own, based on the Brazilian Fiat 147 versions, which ended only in 1995. Were produced hatchbacks under the names Fiat 147, 147 TR, 147 Sarpasso IAVA ( a sports version with 66 kW (90 hp) 1.3 -liter engine ), Brio, Spazio, and Vivace, usually driven by the 1049 cc engine, a version of the 1.3-liter petrol engine or the 1.3-liter diesel. In Argentina, saw overall 232 807 units of these models.
In Spain, the Fiat 127 was marketed as Seat 127 and further developed there to the five-door. Following the acquisition of Seat by Volkswagen model name was changed to Seat Fura.
Derived from the Fiat 127 was the Fiat Fiorino vans, which the front end of the 127 took over, but a box structure possessed at the rear.
In Yugoslavia, the 127, the Yugo was developed on the platform, which was a cult car of the late eighties in the USA.
Later Brazilian Fiat 147