Fiat 850 (1964-1968)
The Fiat 850 is a passenger car, the Italian car manufacturer Fiat produced from summer 1964 to mid-1973.
The the rear-engine concept car following was not a completely new development. Basically, it was a larger version of the Fiat 600, the 850 had the same engine, whose displacement but at 843 cc and its power to 25 kW increased ( 34 HP ) with regular gasoline or 27 kW ( 37 hp) with premium gasoline been. The direction of rotation was now left.
The volume model was the two-door sedan with a semi- fastback. Soon, the great success of the series became apparent. Fiat brought then in the summer of 1965 on the same platform, additional body styles on the market. In addition, presented numerous independent coachbuilders own vehicles to the floor pan of the 850 here.
- 2.1 Spanish versions
The Fiat 850 Limousine reached a top speed of 121 and 126 km / h The 850 was a 600 with improved front and rear extended body and steps instead of humpback tail. Therefore, there was a greater forward trunk, also because the tank was moved to the rear. In addition, the back of the rear seat was folded down; way to obtain additional storage space. The handling was improved compared to the 600 and was by that time scales for a rear-engine car to be excellent.
In March 1968, a revised version of the sedan was released with the designation 850 Special. She had a 47 hp (35 kW ) engine, front disc brakes and sport steering wheel, and reached a top speed of 140 km / h The special was a good commercial success in Italy.
Thanks to its homologation in Group 1 consisted 1968-1975 sometimes the entire participating cars in the 850 class of 850 specials, and indeed in circuit racing, hill climbing and slaloms.
The coupe was first unveiled in March 1965 at the Geneva Motor Show. In order to withdraw the sporty coupe from the basic version, the engine power, the equipment was increased, also expanded and adapted to high expectations. Both received sport seats, a sport steering wheel and round speedometer. The front drum brakes were replaced by disc brakes. First, the coupe had an output of 47 hp (35 kW) from a displacement of 843 cc; the top speed was 140 km / h
In March 1968, revised Fiat Coupé and provided it with more powerful engines with 903 cc and 52 hp ( 38 kW) ( approved in Germany models are presented in the control formula with 896 cm ³). The car has now done under the name of sports coupe. The sports coupe of the second series was equipped with dual headlights and a rear spoiler lip with dual round tail lights.
The sports coupe was developed in the summer of 1970 to the third series. Among the changes included large dual headlights and other modifications of detail, but did not act as harmonious as the second series. Instead of imitation wood steering wheel Fiat installed a leather steering wheel. The dashboard inserts were square and were no longer covered with imitation wood.
Fiat 850 Sport Coupe ( 1970-1972 )
Fiat 850 Spider ( 1968-1973 )
Simultaneously with the coupe it is a sporty two-seat convertible with the name Spider was presented, which could reach up to 145 km / h with its 49 hp. It was designed by the Bertone design studio and also built there. The folding soft top fabric can be completely stowed under a tailgate.
The Spider was developed at the same time technically with the coupe. In March 1968, he was with a larger and more powerful engine for Sport Spider. He received perpendicular headlights. The front bumper has been set higher, all bumpers were squirrels. Also, the rear panel has been changed (painted instead of polished aluminum ), a number of minor changes are more technical in nature. The top speed is 155 km / h
The U.S. versions of the Spiders differed mainly by additional bracket on the bumpers, molded headrests on the seats, reversing lights and an electrically controlled exhaust gas recirculation from European models. German Sport Spider had a built- hazard warning system with its own harness.
The mid- 1964 featured Fiat 850 T gave it as vans ( Furgonetta ) or minibus ( familiars ). He replaced the Fiat 600 Multipla from. The engine was first out of the Fiat 850 N; 1971, the car was due to the larger engine of the coupe, which was also used in the Fiat 127 for Fiat 900 T.
Fiat 850 Vignale
Lombardi Grand Prix (Front)
Lombardi Grand Prix ( rear )
Numerous Italian Karosseriewerke subjected to the Fiat 850 as the basis for your own, sporting or special versions elegant approach.
Among them was the Turin Carrozzeria Ellena, who constructed a compact Spyder with sloping front end and with glass covers equipped headlights. Also Allemano created individual special versions based on the Fiat 850 Carrozzeria Vignale Vignale produced the Fiat 850 in about 70 copies available as a coupe and convertible; the design of these structures fell to Giovanni Michelotti.
A flat two-seater is the Fiat Lombardi Grand Prix 850, which was designed by Francis Lombardi and was derived from the 850 Coupé. It was built out in a version with 850 cc as Abarth scorpions with 1280 cm ³ displacement. Almost identical in design, the car finally came as Otas on the market.
The production of the 850 was phased out:
First Fiat took the coupe from the beginning of 1972 from the program. Then towards the end of 1972 followed the sedan (in Italy), while the production of the Spider ultimately ended in mid-1973. If you add up all the variants, thus nearly 2.3 million copies were sold worldwide. However Bertone drove the Spider as " Bertone Racer" to 1974 on their own on. Seat built the 850 even further to 1974.
As a successor to the sedan came in the spring of 1971, the Fiat 127 on the market, while it actually was no substitute for the coupe, because the Fiat 128 coupe was much larger and more expensive. The Spider was politically model replaced from autumn of 1972 through the different type of Fiat X1 / 9 with central engine.
In Spain, SEAT presented from 1966 to 1974 all versions of the Fiat 850 under the name Seat 850 ago. In addition to the Italian program, there were also two versions sedan with four doors (Seat 850 " 4 Puertas Normal" / " Largo " ), which were based on a construction of the Italian bodywork manufacturer Francis Lombardi.
Towards the end of the production period of the Seat 850, the Seat 133 was developed in Spain, who had a body style of the 126 and 127 on the platform of the Fiat 850.
Seat 850 " 4 Puertas "