Field (agriculture)

A Acker, also called field, is an agricultural soil that is regularly processed, for example, with a plow and ordered with a crop.

The words are not fully understood as synonyms: There is talk of a wheat or canola field, but mostly from a potato or turnip field.

As the loose topsoil, edited, enriched with organic material top layer is called (about 30cm) of an acre. In certain areas (Courland ), the term was also used for the burgeoning seed. The clod or short plaice is actually a large planted section, which was raised by the plow. The latter term is also used as a metaphor for outdated home.


The word field goes back to the Indo-European agro and initially designated only the land outside settlements where one impelled the cattle to pasture and also to fertilize the soil. Related to this are the Greek agros and Latin ager, which both mean field. Ackern means contact, sweep the floor the earth. To farmland see also Esch (hall). Meadows and pastures are not part of the arable land. The Order of the land is also referred to occasionally as a plow.

Field boundaries

As a demarcation, Rain between the faces natural, difficult modifiable features such as trees, hedges, streams, paths or artificial boundary markers such as ditches, clearance cairns and walls, gates and fences were used. Also landmarks to mark the parcel boundaries were and are common.


Acker is a part of agricultural land. After the Object Browser distinguish the authorities arable land, arable grassland, arable Hack Rain, grassland and arable grassland hack Rain.

Use structure

In Germany is the largest part of the arable land crop production for food and feed purposes, only a small part is used for the cultivation of energy crops.


In the 1950s the profitability of the arable land was estimated by the land registry offices (estimate map). You are the taxation by the tax basis. Arable land cost in 2006 in the old Länder average of 16,000 euros per hectare and in the new 4040 euro.

In the context of urban planning and development with constraints arable land can be reclassified as building land. Thus, the price per square meter often increases by ten times or more. The incoming value and the proceeds or excess proceeds, which can be achieved as a result of zoning ordinances rezoning of agricultural land to urban land and the sale of land converted agricultural land to " land prices " is referred to part with the phrase "fifth crop rotation ".