Field goal (American and Canadian football)

A field goal (FG) referred to in American football the attempt by the attacking team, with your foot to kick the football standing on the ground over the crossbar through the goal posts and to achieve points.

To obtain a field goals is both a place kick from the ground, and a dropkick allowed as the punt from the player's hand out, the latter variant has become very rare. A field goal is valid if the ball crosses the goal over the crossbar and between the two posts, including the area between the imaginary extension of the post into the air. The ball must not come into contact with the pitch after the kick and before passing through the gate, a touch of the crossbar or the post is however allowed. The defending team may attempt to block a field goal at the line of scrimmage. A defense at the height of the gate, like a goalie in other sports, however, is not permitted and also hardly possible.

A field goal is allowed, except for two of every play out. It is neither a kickoff, still looking for a sat Safety taken directly to achieve a field goal, even if it would succeed from the large distances.

The distance of a field goal attempt is calculated ( the gate posts are available for several decades behind the end line, earlier before) plus the distance from the end zone to the line of scrimmage, and the usually 7-8 yards from the depths of the end zone that the ball holder further back kneels, where he holds the ball standing with your fingertip on the floor. This distance is necessary so that the football over the hands of the high- jumping enemy player flies who want to block the kick. If the attacking team still have 25 yards to the end zone, the field goal attempt would usually from (25 10 7) held 42 yards. In Germany the existing football pitches between the gates are divided into 12 equal parts, which are thus rarely exactly 10 yards wide.

Depending on the game situation, a field goal by the attacking team is usually at Torentfernungen of less than about 45 yards (about 41 meters) is attempted when the current attack her fourth and last attempt (4th down) executes as a Field Goal is transformed relatively safe from these distances. The longest successful field goal attempt was made in the National Football League ( NFL) over a distance of 64 yards ( Matt Prater erected in 2013 by the Denver Broncos ). In college football, the record is 69 yards, because the ball up to the 1970s from a 5 cm high stand ( Kicking tea) could be contacted. A field goal brings three points in modern American football. An exception existed in the defunct NFL Europe. Therein, it was possible with a field goal, which was obtained at a distance of more than 50 yards, to obtain four points. A point after touchdown (PAT ), which is executed immediately after a touchdown as well as a field goal by a kick is worth one point.

Missed the ball when attempting to field goals goal, the opposing team comes to the previous line of scrimmage in possession. Because of this, teams defense hardly try to catch a kicked ball a little too short, since it is difficult even to carry the ball out of the end zone back out to the line of scrimmage. Nevertheless, we succeeded Antonio Cromartie of the San Diego Chargers on November 4, 2007 wearing a too short field goal attempt by Minnesota kicker Ryan Longwell over a distance of 109 yards of their own in the opponent's end zone for a touchdown. In this case, it was the longest play of NFL history.