The Filjowskaja Line (Russian Филёвская линия ), also known as " line 4" or " Blue Line " is one of the twelve lines of the Moscow Metro. Due to their branch and the large number of above-ground stations and track sections, this line is a rather unusual part of the underground network of the Russian capital.
- Alexandrovski Sad ( Александровский сад / i?), The transit traffic to the stations Biblioteka imeni Lenina line 1 and line 3 Arbatskaya; on these stations you can also access the station Borovitskaya line 9
- Arbatskaya ( Арбатская? / I )
- Smolenskaja ( Смоленская? / I )
- Kievskaya ( Киевская? / I ), the transit traffic to the same stations on Line 3 and the ring line Wystawotschnaja ( Delowoi Tsentr ) ( Выставочная? / Центр i ( Деловой? / I))
- Meschdunarodnaja ( Международная? / I )
Depot and vehicles
On the Filjowskaja line of two different generations came to 2009 vehicles used. These were for a Soviet trains Ем / Еж series, which originated in the early 1970s and thus were the oldest still operating cars of the Moscow Metro. Since 2005, coming on the line features of the new generation 81-740/741 used, which at that time already knew from the Butowskaja line. This basically developed for the " light metro " model with a small capacity in comparison to other metro Wagon mash - model railway can be used without problems on the Filjowskaja - line due to their relatively low ridership and has since been replaced all Ем / Еж trains on this line. All trains are hauled from the depot Fili, which also serves the Arbatsko - Pokrowskaja line.
The specified as May 15, 1935 in the infobox opening date of the line is only partially true. From this time, the three oldest stations of the Filjowskaja line, which at that time was, however, no independent line derived. Rather was the section Alexandrovski Sad - Smolenskaja ( 1937 to Kievskaya extended ) part of a branch of Sokolnicheskaya line that led from their station Ochotny Ryad and was operated alternately. The formation of the actual Filjowskaja - line was preceded by a relatively checkered history. The operation as a branch of Line 1 ended on 13 March 1938, when the now belonging to Arbatsko - Pokrowskaja - line distance Ploshchad Revolyutsii - Kurskaja was opened. This was a connecting tunnel towards the station Alexandrovski Sad, so that from now rode on trains from Kurskaja to Kievskaya and vice versa.
However, after the flat -scale tunnel between Arbatskaya and Smolenskaja had been damaged during the air raids in World War II, it was decided that stations Ploshchad Revolyutsii and Kievskaya by a new, now lying deep enough underground route to connect with each other. This was completed in 1953; the Arbatsko - Pokrowskaja Line was created while on the now superfluous flat route Alexandrovski Sad - the scheduled train service was discontinued Kievskaya.
Only the rigorous austerity policies under Nikita Khrushchev, who spared the previously architecturally magnificent Moscow Metro by no means, let the old route from her " Sleeping Beauty " awaken. The expensive depth range of Arbatsko - Pokrowskaja line was not renewed, but instead they decided to open up the western outskirts of the Soviet capital by a much cheaper above-ground metro line. On 7 November 1958, the new " Filjowskaja - line " now opened that the revived stretch Alexandrovski Sad - included Kievskaya (flat) and its extension in a westerly direction to Kutusowskaja. The project has been actively pursued over the next few years. In 1959 an extension to Fili, 1961 to Pionerskaya and 1965 to Molodjoschnaja. All stations in this time newly created (by the way no longer just on the Filjowskaja line) are due to their long since frowned upon, but preferred to Khrushchev times cheap construction, which takes its revenge on the state of the station buildings to this day, almost a glaring example of how one should not build a subway. On top of that almost the entire line part of Kievskaya to Molodjoschnaja runs above ground with only very few tunnels; all stations in between are also applied above ground, which is especially caused not only an increased maintenance effort for winter times, but also attracts vandals strengthened.
The line has but, due to their original lines, yet another special feature. The station Alexandrovski Sad was in fact not planned in its incorporation as a railhead. So there are east of this undertaking in the immediate vicinity of the Kremlin station no return tracks ( but only used only for operating rides connection ramps to the lines 1 and 3), and it could be due to the complicated system of underground communications under and around the Kremlin also not build. This requires a thin for the ratios of the Moscow Metro timetable clock on the line - even at peak times trains run only about every three minutes because of Zugpaarwechsel made directly at the two tracks of the station Alexandrovski Sad. ( The same applies to the western terminus Kuntsevskaya where there is only one track for the Filjowskaja line. ) This also made it possible to integrate a small branch in this line, the so-called "mini- metro " with a branch line from Kievskaya to Meschdunarodnaja. This construction project was implemented in 2005-2006 and has to bind to the target, the new Moscow business district "Moscow City" in the metro network. Since the opening of the branch trains on the line alternately from Alexandrovski Sad to Krylatskoje and Alexandrovski Sad to Meschdunarodnaja or vice versa, the branch in only about 10 - will be approached to 15 -minute intervals, which due to its relatively small catchment area also unproblematic is. Besides, the station was Wystawotschnaja - held in a for the Moscow Metro hitherto largely unknown, almost futuristic, dominated by glass and stainless steel constructions architecture - the most beautiful station down the line, in complete contrast to the unsightly and sometimes become almost dilapidated "Khrushchev stations" standing.
On 7 January 2008 the Filjowskaja line was at its western end by two stations - Molodjoschnaja and Krylatskoje - shortened served now by the line 3. At the same time the latter was extended over Krylatskoje out to Strogino. This change in the lines represents a significant shortening travel time between the western suburbs and the Moscow center.
All milestones of the construction of the Filjowskaja line in chronological overview:
Renaming of stations
On the Filjowskaja - line station Alexandrovski Sad was renamed several times throughout its history:
- 1935 to 1937 was called the station Imeni Kominterna ( Имени Коминтерна )
- 1937 to 1946 it was called Ulitsa Kominterna ( Улица Коминтерна )
- In 1946 she was renamed Kalininskaja ( Калининская )
- 1990 there were in the part of the renaming campaign plans to rename the station after a nearby street in Wosdwischenka ( Воздвиженка ), which was officially implemented for a short time,
- A few months later was renamed Wosdwischenka was discarded, and the station was named Alexandrovski Sad.
On June 1, 2009, there was another station renaming on the line: The Delowoi Tsentr station was officially named Wystawotschnaja, with the reason given that the previous name was ( the literal "Business center " means ) reserved for a proposed future interchange station.
For the branch Kievskaya - Meschdunarodnaja there are plans of an extension to a new train station, which will be built near the business district, also could arise between Kievskaya and Wystawotschnaja another station Dorogomilowskaja. There also are plans to integrate the branch into a long-term planned major metro ring.