The Perussuomalaiset (short PS or PERU; Swedish Sannfinländarna; German base fins or True Finns, the Finns since 2012 ) is a right-wing populist party in Finland, which emerged from the Suomen Maaseudun puolue 1995.
The party describes itself as patriotic and EU - skeptical and sees itself as by opposing force against the "establishment ". In the parliamentary elections in Finland 2011, she was the third strongest party with 19 percent of the vote and provides 39 deputies. After the 2003 parliamentary elections the party was for the first time with three, was represented by the 2007 parliamentary elections with five seats in parliament. The strong increase of votes for the party in each of these elections is particularly attributed to the oratorical skills of their leader Timo Soini.
In the European elections in Finland 2009, the party joined in an electoral alliance with the Christian Democratic KD, which reached 14 percent of the votes and two seats, one of which went to the PS and was occupied by Soini. The party is a member of the Europe of Freedom and Democracy. The seat in the European Parliament was acquired by Sampo Terho, as Soini was elected to the Finnish Parliament in spring 2011.
Timo Soini was the candidate of the base Finns in the presidential elections of 2006 and was at 3.4 percent of the votes fifth of eight candidates. In the 2012 presidential election was the fourth of eight candidates Soini with 9.4 percent of the vote.
- 4.1 parliamentary elections
- 4.2 local elections
- 4.3 European elections
- 4.4 Presidential Elections
PS went in 1995 from the populist Suomen Maaseudun Puolue ( SMP) produced. The latter had at that time a period of decline, behind which was due to, among others, their aggressive xenophobic program. Although the SMP mid-nineties came back to a more moderate program, but could not prevent their political bankruptcy by it. Then, a part of the SMP deputies founded under the leadership of Raimo Vistbacka the PS. The aim of the new party was " to offer an alternative to the policies of the existing parties ", according to the PS. On the electoral list of 1996, members of the extreme right Suomen Isänmaallinen Kansanliike were found ( Šikl ).
Program and ideological positions
In the PS program Euroscepticism, criticism of the current immigration policy and other right-wing populist positions prevail. In the local elections of 2008, the PS won in precisely those areas in votes where the Social Democrats and the Left Alliance votes lost. In the parliamentary elections of 2011 had, according to observers, especially their EU rejection and distrust of the established parties, which differ in their positions less and less, an essential role for the electoral potential. The PS consists among other things, for the abolition of mandatory Swedish as a foreign language and a tightening of asylum law. In addition, can be found in the economic field also rather left receivables: the increase in the tax on capital gains ( from 28% to 30 % in the highest tax bracket ) and the introduction of a wealth tax. In addition, the party represents some conservative Christian views, it is " gay marriage " was rejected. In the European Parliament the party operates, inter alia, with the " Lega Nord" and the " UKIP " together.
- Raimo Vistbacka (1995-1997)
- Timo Soini (since 1997)
- Timo Soini (1995-1997)
- Rolf Sormo (1997-1999)
- Hannu Purho (1999-2007)
- Ossi Sandvik (since 2007)