First ascent

The first ascent is the first successful ascent, reaching the top of a mountain (see also first ascent ).

First ascents are remarkable, as usually many years of preparation and a thorough exploration of the area are needed. In many cases fail the first attempt the ascent. Due to lack of experience in terms of weather and terrain, the risk is much higher.

The first ascent of Mont Blanc in 1786 is today regarded as the birth of modern alpinism.

The camera was quickly the most important evidence for the ascent. The top photo is regarded as the essential characters for the Summit success. Also, items left behind can serve as evidence. So was the ice ax by Hermann Buhl, who was left behind at the summit of Nanga Parbat, are found in 1999 by a Japanese expedition. Another option are witnesses.

Of historical importance is the first ascent of Mount Everest, the conquest of the " third pole ". There is a still ongoing discussion as to whether George Mallory and Andrew 1924 Irvine reached the summit. From this experiment, it did not return. In 1999, the remains of George Mallory were discovered, his camera does not.

In the context of first ascents it came again and again to intrigue and bragging. So in 1906 Frederick Cook claimed to have reached the summit of Mount McKinley. Only years later could prove an expedition photos that Cook then presented the image of 4000-5000 meters deeper Summit as photographic evidence.