Firuzabad, Fars


Fīrūzābād ( Fīrūzābād, Middle Persian: اردشيرخوره Ardeshir Khureh, glory of Ardashir I ', also Gur or Gor, from the 10th century فیروزآباد Fīrūzābād ) is a city in the province of Fars in Iran, about 110 kilometers south of Shiraz. She was the residence of the founder of Sassanidenreichs Ardashir I..

The city lies in a fertile plain surrounded by mountains steilabfallendem and is watered by the water all year long leading Firuzabad River which flows through it in a north-south direction.

Ardashir I ( 224-241 ) to the city of Gur founded on the occasion of his victory over the Parthian king Artabanus, but have archaeological finds and information provided by the historian Tabari on a foundation before that time period.

The city of Gur

The original circular layout of Sassanid city was surrounded by two mud walls and a 35 meter wide moat. Twenty -scale radial roads led to to a tower-like building, the Ernst Herzfeld According probably was part of a palace complex or a government building the archaeologists and could be interpreted as a symbol Ardaschirs centralized worldview. Eight kilometers away, on the shores of the western arm of the Tang āb River, the Palace of Ardashir I is a pond -like pool and a fire temple.

Ghal'eh Dokhtar

Four kilometers north of the former city of Gur is the Ghal'eh Dokhtar castle. It stands on a steep rock at a bend of the Tang āb River and Ardaschirs seems to have been first fortress, which he probably had to leave later for structural reasons in favor of his second castle. Below the castle you will find the remains of a Sassanid bridge.

Rock reliefs

Compared to the Ghal'eh Dokhtar is the first of two rock reliefs. It shows the coronation Ardaschirs and also bear the Middle Persian multi - Narse inscription from the time Yazdegerd II. The second relief, which is halfway between Ghal'eh Dokhtar and the palace of Ardashir I, represents the victory Ardaschirs I. over Artabanus dar. It is the oldest and also the biggest of the Sassanid rock reliefs.

The river leaves the plain by a more narrow gorge in the far south. At this point, Alexander the Great is said to have built a dam and so created a lake which flooded the town and the surrounding villages. The lake remained until the beginning of the 3rd century exist, as Ardashir I, the city regained through the construction of water canals and tunnels.

With the establishment of Bischapur by Shapur I., the son Ardaschirs I, the city began to lose importance. Shards findings suggest that the Round Town Gur was abandoned after the 14th century. The new city was built on the edge of the former city walls. The current district is composed of twenty villages and produces cereals, fruits and vegetables.

The area around Firuzabad was also inhabited until 1963 by Kashgai.

The Fīrūzābād complex was proposed for the UNESCO World Heritage Site.


Firuzabad: Investiture Ardashir I

Representation of the scene on a drawing by the French Orientalist Eugène Flandin (1840 )