Fiumicino is a town with 69 692 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the province of Rome in the Italian region of Lazio.
Fiumicino is known worldwide especially by the located in the municipality International Airport Rome Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci.
- 4.1 Twin towns
- 4.2 Coat of Arms
Fiumicino located 28 km south-west of Rome on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. The municipality comprises the delta of the Tiber River, which subsequent north coastal plain and extends into the hills south of Lake Bracciano. The actual place Fiumicino is located north of the mouth of the channel from Fiumicino and still has the atmosphere of a fishing village. While particularly Isola Sacra, were heavily urban sprawl between the channel and the estuary of the River Tiber, and the vicinity of the airport in recent decades, is the northern municipality, with the Natural Park littoral Romano, largely unspoilt. Core area is the 280 -acre WWF reserve Macchiagrande, which provides a habitat for numerous amphibians, reptiles and birds. Fregene and Passoscuro are popular beach resorts for the population of the metropolitan area of Rome. Especially Fregene is also famous for its nightlife with numerous nightclubs.
On 24 August 2013, a new mud volcano was born on a roundabout between Fiumicino and Fiumicino Airport. From two chimneys were mud and gases, mainly carbon dioxide, from. Another, much larger mud volcano was the end of September about 100 meters from the coast. The mud volcano at the roundabout, whose crater reached a diameter of more than three meters, but has since been filled by a specialized company again, the risk of renewed mud eruptions, however, throughout the Tiber Delta continues.
The municipality comprises the villages with the zip codes: 00050 Aeroporto Leonardo da Vinci, Aranova Fregene, Palidoro Passoscuro, Testa di Lepre and Torrimpietra 00054 Fiumicino, Focene and Isola Sacra 00057 Pantano di Grano Maccarese and
The municipality is located in the seismic zone 3 (slightly endangered).
The A91 motorway connects Fiumicino to Rome. From their branches in the urban area the A12 Autostrada Azzurra to Civitavecchia from.
The Fiumicino airport is well served by regional train FR1 about Rome Tiburtina to Orte and take the Leonardo Express train to Termini. Along the route is also the station Parco Leonardo. The branch line to Fiumicino - city, however, was decommissioned in 2000.
At the railway Pisa - Rome are the stations Maccarese - Fregene and Torrimpietra - Palidoro.
42 AD, Emperor Claudius northwest of Ostia a new harbor, Portus Romae, of from 103 AD by Trajan with a hexagonal harbor ( still visible south of the airport ) was extended. The port and the port settlement Portus soon outstripped Ostia. In the survey of Colonia by Constantine the Great, the settlement probably had 30,000-40,000 inhabitants. Around this time Portus was also a bishopric. The diocese continues to this day under the name of Porto- Santa Rufina -. With the migration period, the decline of Portus began, with the port remained until the Middle Ages the main port of Rome, until he was replaced in the importance of Civitavecchia.
The Port of Trajan was connected with the Tiber by a channel called Flumen Micinum. From the name of this channel, the modern place name derives from Fiumicino, which was only founded in 1825 as a church again. Fiumicino was incorporated in the 20th century to Rome, but since 1992 an independent city that today has more than 60,000 inhabitants, the third largest city in the province of Rome.
Mario Canapini ( PdL ) was elected in May 2003 to the Mayor and confirmed in April 2008 in the Official. His center-right alliance also with 22 of 30 seats, the majority in the City Council.
- Malta Luqa in Malta
- Argentina Mar del Plata in Buenos Aires
- Latvia Riga in Latvia
- Spain Seville in Andalusia
Coat of arms
Blue shield with two green stripes in the lower quarter. Then a red tower with a round window. Then a black anchor with four golden ears. The tower is a reminder of the many watchtowers on the coast. The blue and green stripes symbolize the sea, the land and the river. Anchor and ears are available for the historical pillar of the economy, marine and agriculture.
- In the Museo delle Navi ( Museum of vessels) next to the airport five ancient ships are visiting, unearthed during construction work to airport (currently closed).
- South of this extends around the harbor basin of Trajan (Lago di Traiano ) an archaeological area with numerous remains of the harbor buildings and the medieval Castello di Porto.
- In the eastern part of the Isola Sacra ( the Via dell'Aeroporto marked in about the ancient coastline ) are a Roman necropolis and get the ruins of the ancient episcopal church Sant'Ippolito.
- The church of Santi Ippolito e Lucia at Via Portuense is co-cathedral of the diocese of Porto- Santa Rufina. The church was founded as a bishop's church in Portus Romae in the 4th or 5th century. The present building dates from the 16th century.
Fiumicino is a major fishing port, which also features a large fish market. But biggest employer is the Rome Fiumicino Airport. East of the airport is the resultant, designed by Ricardo Bofill commercial and shopping area Parco Leonardo with, inter alia, the largest cinema complex in Italy.