Flag of England

The flag of England shows a red cross of St. George in a white box, its width is one-fifth the height of the flag. It is a simple application of the George Cross, which can be found on various flags and coat of arms of Christian countries, cities and families.


The legend of George slaying the dragon dates from the 12th century. His symbol was the red cross on a white background. It first appeared in the Crusades and was later used by the Republic of Genoa as a flag. Used from the year 1190 the English ships Georg flag in the Mediterranean, which they were placed under the protection of the Genoese fleet. The English king paid for it to Genoa an annual tribute. St. George was in the 13th century, the patron saint of England.

The St George's Cross has become part of the Union Jack, the national flag of the United Kingdom, as well as the Scottish version of the British royal coat of arms. Even at the time of the Commonwealth, the St. George's cross was the emblem of Great Britain.

In the flag of Guernsey, the George Cross is complemented by a golden beams cross. Other examples of adaptations are the flag of London or the White Ensign of the Royal Navy. The " Red Hand Flag" Northern Ireland shows a red cross on a white background, complemented by a six -pointed star, a red hand and the British Crown. Although it is a derivative of the flag of Ulster, the color choice was made ​​aware of but apparently based on the flag of England, in order to make " British ".

Merging with Christian mythology

A red cross on a white background is the legend, also found on the sign Galahad, the knight in the Arthurian legends who was most involved in the Holy Grail and the Grail finally found. There it symbolizes a cross which drew Joseph of Arimathea with the Grail collected in blood.