Flag of France

The current flag of France ( in French also known as drapeau tricolore, drapeau bleu- blanc- rouge, drapeau français le tricolore and in the military or as les couleurs ) for the first time in 1794 the official national flag.


The national flag is a tricolor of three vertical bars in blue, white and red ( the pole ) and has an aspect ratio of 2:3. When the flag at sea (for the French Navy ) the three colors blue, white and red are divided in the ratio 30:33:37. These so-called " optical proportions " are used so that the flapping in the wind, the impression of three equally wide strips created and appear not liekabgewandten narrower.

The colors were redefined by President Valéry Giscard d' Estaing in the 1980s.


The flags of the Kingdom of France

Until the French Revolution ( from 1789) and during the Restoration ( 1814-1815 1815-1830 ) was the Drapeau Blanc, a plain white flag, the de facto national flag of France. He was also well and Nautical Flag was hoisted in the presence of the king. In the presence of another member of the royal family the royal pavilion, the lily banner, which is often mistakenly understood as the national flag of the Kingdom of blowing. The king was on board a ship, then it went under a white trimmed with golden lilies flag with a coat of arms in the middle: This consisted among others of the French crown, a blue shield with three golden lilies and two angels as shield-bearers.

? The pavilion royal, standard of the royal family of France

? The default royal, royal standard of France

The tricolor

The tricolor first appeared in 1790 during the Revolution and was used until 1794 as Seekriegsflagge and Gosch, but with the reverse arrangement of colors, with red on the left side.

She presented a combination of the colors of the coat of arms of Paris ( red and blue) and the color of the King ( white) represents the arrangement of colors also dates from this period, and symbolizes the limited power of the King ( White ) by the people ( the colors of Paris ). Other historians speak of red as the banner of Saint Denis de Paris, the patron saint of the French Empire and blue as the coat of the French king. With the abolition of the monarchy on September 21, 1792 this symbolism, however, was null and void, the tricolor, however, remained a symbol of the revolution.

On February 15, 1794, the flag was explained with today's color sequence as the official national flag of the First Republic. As a secondary, but already early reinterpretation applies the reference to the motto of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity ( liberté, égalité, fraternité ), with blue for freedom, white ( heraldic: Silver) for the equality and red for the brotherly love.

Hoisted the tricolor

Overseas Territories

The flag of France is also the national flag of dependent of France Overseas Territories and Overseas Territories. The French overseas regions lead next regional flags. Some territories with special status, French Polynesia and Wallis and Futuna, also have their own flags, which may be hoisted next to the tricolor. In New Caledonia, the use of local flags in common is also permitted with the French.

Main articles:

  • Flag of French Guiana
  • Flag of French Polynesia
  • Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands
  • Flag of Guadeloupe
  • Flag of Martinique
  • Flag of Mayotte
  • Flag of New Caledonia
  • Flag Reunion
  • Flag of Saint -Barthélemy
  • Flag of Saint Martin
  • Flag of Saint -Pierre and Miquelon
  • Flag of Wallis and Futuna