Flavin group

Flavins is the common name for a group of natural yellow (Latin flavus ) dyes, which is the ring system of the isoalloxazine basis.

An important substance of this group is the vitamin B complex belonging riboflavin (also: Lactoflavin, vitamin B2) as the component ( prosthetic group ) of hydrogen -transferring enzymes, the so-called flavoproteins, in the metabolism of the cell a big one for the respiratory chain has meaning.

Flavins are water soluble.

Paul Karrer was awarded the 1937 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his fundamental work to the group of flavins.

Important flavins

  • Riboflavin ( Vitamin B2)
  • Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), riboflavin -5-phosphate
  • Flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD )
  • Substance Group
  • Coenzyme
  • Dihydroazine
  • Tetrahydroazin
  • Urea
  • Aromat
  • Fluorescent dye