Fleurus [ flœʀʏs ], Walloon Fleuru, is a municipality in the Belgian province of Hainaut, Charleroi district. The city is situated on the Sambre and is a hub of the railway line Tamines - Landen.
Archaeological finds prove agriculture since the Neolithic period. From the Roman era remains of streets have been preserved, the Chaussée Brunhaut.
Was first mentioned Fleurus 868, then as Fledelciolum / Flederciolum. The present name of the village was first used in the 17th century. Maybe he is finally back to the Celtic name for the water run through the municipality.
Fleurus had since the early modern scene of several important military confrontations.
- On August 29, 1622 a Protestant army slew of Christian of Brunswick and Ernest of Mansfeld, a Spanish contingent, see Battle of Fleurus ( 1622).
- On June 30, 1690 army suffered a devastating defeat from four nations against French troops, see Battle of Fleurus ( 1690).
- On 26 June 1794, the French revolutionary army under Jourdan won over an Austrian army under Frederick Josias of Saxe- Coburg- Saalfeld, see Battle of Fleurus (1794 ).
- Finally, close on 16 June 1815 clashed Prussians and the French, see Battle of Ligny. After the battle of Waterloo, the place was inserted by French troops in retreat on fire.
In the two world wars of the 20th century were Fleurus and around the venue severe battles.
At Fleurus since the local government reform in 1977 include the following locations:
- Brye ( Walloon Briye )
- Heppignies ( Epniye )
- Lambusart ( Lambussåt )
- Saint- Amand (Sint -Amand )
- Wagnelée ( Wagnlêye )
- Wanfercée- Baulet ( Wanfercêye - Balet )
- Wangenies ( Wanjniye )
Radio Chemical Plant
Fleurus became in recent years in the headlines because of two serious accidents in the National Institute of Radio element ( IRE), a plant for the production of radio- pharmaceutical preparations.
Through a hydraulic failure, a cobalt source was lifted from a strahlenabschirmenden water basin, although no radiation process took place and the door to the room was open. Due to the alarm triggered a technician entered the room. While staying just 20 seconds he received a radiation dose of approximately 4.6 Sievert, the medium can be life-threatening (INES 4).
After completion of a production process, three smaller collection tanks were transferred to a larger holding tank. This led to an unexpected chemical reaction with formation of radioactive iodine - 131. This could be due to a defective measuring computer for a few days slowly and unnoticed escape through a chimney into the environment. When the problem was noticed, the production was stopped in the whole area as directed by the Belgian supervisory authority and a circle sector of 5 kilometers in a north-easterly direction for a few days with a consumption ban for agricultural products used ( INES 3).