Flea Seligenthal is a unit municipality in the district Schmalkalden- Meiningen in Thuringia.

  • 3.1 flea
  • 3.2 Schnellbach with the hamlet Nesselhof
  • 3.3 Seligenthal with the hamlet Atzerode
  • 3.4 Struth- Helmershof
  • 3.5 Development in the presence
  • 5.1 municipal
  • 5.2 Coat of Arms
  • 5.3 partnerships
  • 6.1 Economics
  • 6.2 Education
  • 6.3 Sports facilities
  • 6.4 traffic


Geographical location

Flea Seligenthal is located in the north of the district Schmalkalden- Meiningen on the southwestern slope of the Thuringian forest, directly on the Rennsteig. The absolute level of local layers varies between 340 m above sea level. Sea level and 480 m above sea level. NN. The municipality is situated on the upper reaches of the river Schmalkalde. The Rennsteig located towards mountains have heights of over 800 m above sea level. NN and are easily accessible via an extensive network of hiking trails. At about 780 m above sea level. NN is the most widely known mountain lake Ebertswiese located beyond the region.

Adjacent communities are Brotterode - Trusetal, Fambach, Schmalkalden, Rotterode and Tambach- Dietharz, George Thal, Friedrichroda Tabarz.

Community structure

The community has six districts: Flea, Seligenthal ( with the hamlet Atzerode ) Hohleborn, Kleinschmalkalden, Schnellbach ( with the hamlet Nesselhof ) and Struth- Helmershof.


Flea Seligenthal am Rennsteig is and therefore at a distinctive language border. On the southwest side of the Rennsteig is spoken in the region around flea Seligenthal Hennebergisch, an East Franconian dialect. Even in the few kilometers located beyond the Rennsteig places Friedrichroda Tambach- Dietharz reigns with the zentralthüringischen language in a completely foreign dialect.


The old Frankish settlements that developed into small forest villages in the Middle Ages, were mentioned in the course of the 14th century by the hen bergischen Count was first documented.


The place flea dipped in 1340 for the first time as " Flo " in a hen bergischen ownership registers. The place name comes from the Middle High German word vlowe ( wash, rinse ) back, which is also the flea Bach gave his name. There are reports, however, no documents, a Falkenburg around flea. Tracks on a steep boulder indicate a main castle with a high rampart and ditch vorgelagertem. Within this land mines are interpretable as basement of buildings.

Three times it came in flea major fires (1895, 1902, 1903). In this case, a total of about 420 houses, especially Franconian half-timbered houses destroyed.

Schnellbach with the hamlet Nesselhof

The village formerly " Sneylbach " referred to is mentioned in a document in 1340 for now. The fact that the settlement already existed previously, but is relatively safe. Already in 1290 were made at the Nesselhof records of a hospice " Saint Nicholas ".

The name Schnellbach apparently comes from the fast-flowing through the valley flea Bach ago. This occurred in the summer of 1981 during a heavy downpour on the shore and made for a state of emergency in place and the further downstream communities. Many cellars were flooded and the cobblestone pattern of the main road completely destroyed.

Blessed with the hamlet of Thal Atzerode

The first written mention Blessed valley dates from 16 October 1320. The document is a bill of sale, in which a certain Wolfram Schrimpf Count Berthold von Henneberg leaves several goods, including " Selge valley ".

Miners' settlements there was apparently but even here a long time ago. The importance of mining for the development of the region as a whole was great. With the emergence of several iron-melting furnace, Zain and wire hammers was the iron and steel goods production over the centuries to the livelihood of the inhabitants. Until the second half of the 20th century, high-quality iron ore in the mine " Stahlberg " in Atzerode encouraged. The subsequent and operated until the early 90s river and Schwerspatabbau still dominates the landscape in and around Atzerode.

During the Thirty Years' War Seligenthal was invaded in 1636, looted and burned down to 3 houses.

Between 1687 and 1698 a Baroque church, decorated with numerous paintings on the ceiling and galleries arose in Seligenthal.

Struth- Helmershof

Struth and Helmershof were originally two separate rural communities until they were united in 1936. The first mention of Struth dated from the year 1340. The Helmershof was once a free noble Hofgut around which developed a small village and later came into the possession of the city Schmalkalden before it was in 1936 combined with the Struth to Struth- Helmershof.

Development in the present

The community flea Seligenthal was formed by the voluntary association of six formerly independent communities. After the June 1, 1994 flea Seligenthal and Hohleborn had together, followed on 1 January 1996 Struth- Helmershof. February 1, 2006, including the last district was amalgamated with Kleinschmalkalden.

Schnellbach was incorporated by flea on May 6, 1993.

Population Development

The development of the population is mainly influenced by the incorporation of the district Struth- Helmershof 1996, and the district Kleinschmalkalden 2006. This led each to a sharp increase in population. Outside of these incorporations, one can observe a general trend to population loss over the last two decades:


Parish council

The local council of flea Seligenthal counts 20 local councils and is calculated as follows since the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, together:

As mayor, was elected in the runoff from the May 6, 2012 Ralf Holland- Nell ( CDU).

Coat of arms

Blazon: The coat of arms is semi- split and split and shows up at the front in silver green spruce, beseitet each a smaller green spruce; the upper left box is shared by nine red and silver and covered with a blue diagonally left wave beams; The bottom field, in silver a brick red bridge black bow on crossed hammer and mallet.


Flea Seligenthal has partnerships with Châteauneuf -en- Thymerais (France) and Körle (Hessen).

Economy and infrastructure


In flea Seligenthal there are four designated commercial areas with a total area of ​​about 22.5 ha of the main sectors include primarily the metal processing and machinery, wood processing, plastics processing, the food and confectionery industry ( Viba ) and the main construction and ancillary trades. Many local small and medium-sized enterprises and craft enterprises are the basis of the relatively low unemployment rate, which is usually less than the national average.


A local nursery there in the district Seligenthal.

Within the municipality there are four kindergartens, two municipal kindergartens ( districts Seligenthal and Schnellbach ), a kindergarten of the Workers' Samaritan Federation ( district Kleinschmalkalden ) and a private daycare ( district Schnellbach ).

The district is home to a flea State primary school and a State normal school, which is attended by the students of the districts.

Sports facilities

In the districts of flea Seligenthal and Struth- Helmershof turf sports fields were modernized in recent years and each equipped with floodlights. There is also training for the operation of a hard court in Struth -Helmershof. In the district Kleinschmalkalden a hard court with lighting is also to be found.

Was modernized from 1995 to 1996 and the mountain pool Struth- Helmershof, which now has a stainless steel pools, a waterslide, and solar heating.


The station flea Seligenthal was on the railway line Schmalkalden- Brotterode. The passenger traffic was discontinued in 1996. This route is now closed.

Culture and sights

Flea Seligenthal is since 2000 a "state recognized resort ".


  • On November 9, 1745 cantor and composer Johann Michael Bach was born in Struth III.
  • On 10 January 1701, the organist and composer Johann Caspar Simon was born in flea.
  • The former Minister of Construction and Transportation of the State of Thuringia, Andreas Trautmann cousin, was born on 21 September 1955 at the former Pappenheim.
  • In the district of Struth- Helmershof was born on December 29, 1960 Carol Anding to the world, a former German cross-country skier.
  • The community flea Seligenthal is home to several successful athletes. Here live the cross-country skiers Gerhard Grimmer, the cross-country skier and biathlete Carola Jacob Matthias Jacob. The biathlete Frank Luck grew up in the district Seligenthal. The Bobsportler René Hoppe lives in the district of Struth- Helmershof. From flea biathlete Juliane Doell comes. Also in Seligenthal lives biathlete Sven Fischer.