As a floor exercise is called a turn discipline. When the floor exercise competition area is 12 x 12 m and consists of a slightly resilient substructure with lying thereon deck runners.
During the freestyle the entire area must be beturnt, notably with acrobatic elements, ie rollovers or somersaults (forward and backward ), none of which more than once may be repeated. If during the exercise, the white mark on the bottom surface transgress, there are penalized. For men, also an equilibrium element must be included (eg Standwaage ). The women, however, also need to show gymnastic jumps and turns. The exercise as a combination of acrobatic series, connecting parts and dance elements must be done gymnastics in a harmonious rhythm as alternation of fast and slow passages. A floor routine should take between 50 and 90 seconds.
Even in the 1970s included a double somersault of the most difficult elements of gymnastics floor. 1987 showed the Russian Valeri Ljukin in a competition named after him since the triple somersault ( tucked), which in the male range still one of the highest difficulties counts (G- element). In the floor exercise of today's elite gymnast double somersaults backward shown with up to three longitudinal axis rotations.
Floor exercise is one of the classical teaching content of school sports.