Floor plan

The floor plan (Greek: Ichnographie ) is an abstracted, illustrated in the drawing, two-dimensional image of a spatial condition. Floor plan representations are found in technical drawings, but especially in architectural drawings. In descriptive geometry exist alongside floor plans in addition elevations, cross plans, elevations and sections. The theoretical foundation is provided by the two- panel projection.

The term plan is, however, used not only for a pictorial representation, but also for the spatial relations as such. And so, that can be addressed within a building, the location and size of the rooms. In this context, concepts exist as free floor plan and open floor plan.

Historically can basic plan translated as " bottom - drawing ". The plan view is, accordingly, a graphic illustration of the bottom surface. In architecture, however, it is customary to lay the floor plan as imaginary horizontal cut in about one meter in height, for example, to represent window openings that are not usually enough to the ground. Things below this average level, such as window sills, then appear in its supervision.

Floor plan representations are used for example to document a pre-existing condition (stock plan). Often, however, they are created as part of a construction or planning phase. Floor plans can be present in a variety of drawing standards. Depending on the purpose and location of the horizontal section plane they are often not clearly distinguished from supervisors or top views.

Voice transmissions

Also a concise textbook, a guide or a memoir that gives an orientation or an overview of a particular topic are sometimes referred to as a floor plan. Well-known examples are:

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, published in 1817, Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Outline,
  • That written by Karl Marx 1857-1858 manuscript layouts of the Critique of Political Economy,
  • The second volume of floor plans for a better world of which appeared in the years 1954 to 1959 work The Principle of Hope by Ernst Bloch,
  • Oldenbourg outline of the story as a book series history of scientific teaching and study books,
  • Or Irenaeus Eibl- Eibesfeldt 1967 published book Outline of comparative ethology.

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